[1] DUMROESE R K, WENNY D L, PAGE-DUMROESE D S. Nursery waste water:the problem and possible remedies[C]//LANDIS T D, CREGG B. Western Forest and Conservation Nursery Association Meeting. Kearney:RNGR, 1995:1-11.
[2] DUMROESE R K, PINTO J R, JACOBS D F, et al. Subirrigation reduces water use, nitrogen loss, and moss growth in a container nursery[J]. Nat Plants J, 2006, 7(3):253-261. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265713709_Subirrigation_Reduces_Water_Use_Nitrogen_Loss_and_Moss_Growth_in_a_Container_Nursery
[3] 祝燕, 刘勇, 李国雷, 等.林木容器育苗底部渗灌技术研究现状与展望[J].世界林业研究, 2013, 26(5):48-52. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SJLY201305009.htm

ZHU Yan, LIU Yong, LI Guolei, et al. Current development and prospect on sub-irrigation in container cultivation of forest trees[J]. World For Res, 2013, 26(5):48-52. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SJLY201305009.htm
[4] DUMROESE R K, JACOBS D F, DAVIS A S, et al. An introduction to subirrigation in forest and conservation nurseries and some preliminary results of demonstrations[C]//RILEY L E, DUMROESE R K, LANDIS T D. National Proceedings:Forest and Conservation Nursery Associations. Fort Collins (CO):USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station Proceedings RMRS-P-50, 2007:20-26.
[5] DAVIS A S, AGHAI M M, PINTO J R, et al. Growth, gas exchange, foliar nitrogen content, and water use of subirrigated and overhead-irrigated Populus tremuloides Michx. seedlings[J]. HortScience, 2011, 46(9):1249-1253. https://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/39792
[6] JACKSON R B, MOONEY H A, SCHULZE E D. A global budget for fine root biomass, surface area, and nutrient contents[J]. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA, 1997, 94(14):7362-7366. doi:  10.1073/pnas.94.14.7362
[7] GUO Dali, XIA Mengxue, WEI Xing, et al. Anatomical traits associated with absorption and mycorrhizal colonization are linked to root branch order in twenty-three Chinese temperate tree species[J]. New Phytologist, 2008, 180(3):673-683. doi:  10.1111/nph.2008.180.issue-3
[8] 张德健, 夏仁学, 曹秀, 等.生长调节剂和基质对枳根毛发育的影响[J].应用生态学报, 2011, 22(6):1437-1442. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YYSB201106010.htm

ZHANG Dejian, XIA Renxue, CAO Xiu, et al. Effects of growth regulators and grow media on root-hair development of Poncirus trifoliata[J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2011, 22(6):1437-1422. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YYSB201106010.htm
[9] 杨延杰, 赵康, 陈宁, 等.不同基质理化性状对春季番茄幼苗生长及根系形态的影响[J].西北农业学报, 2013, 22(7):125-131. doi:  10.7606/j.issn.1004-1389.2013.07.022

YANG Yanjie, ZHAO Kang, CHEN Ning, et al. Effect of different substrate physicochemical properties on grow and root morphology of tomato plug-seedlings in spring[J]. Acta Agric Boreal-Occident Sin, 2013, 22(7):125-131. doi:  10.7606/j.issn.1004-1389.2013.07.022
[10] 乌丽雅斯, 刘勇, 李瑞生, 等.容器育苗质量调控技术研究评述[J].世界林业研究, 2004, 17(2):9-13. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SJLY200402002.htm

Wuliyasi, LIU Yong, LI Ruisheng, et al. Reviewing on quality modification and control techniques of containerized seedling[J]. World For Res, 2004, 17(2):9-13. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SJLY200402002.htm
[11] DUMROESE R K, DAVIS A S, JACOBS D F. Nursery response of Acacia koa seedlings to container size, irrigation method, and fertilization rate[J]. J Plant Nutr, 2011, 34(6):877-887. doi:  10.1080/01904167.2011.544356
[12] 陈闯, 刘勇, 李国雷, 等.底部渗灌和容器规格对栓皮栎容器苗生长及营养元素含量的影响[J].南京林业大学学报 (自然科学版), 2015, 39(3):59-64. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-NJLY201503012.htm

CHEN Chuang, LIU Yong, LI Guolei, et al. Effects of subirrigation and container size on growth and nutrient element content of containerized Quercus variabilis Blume seedlings[J]. J Nanjing For Univ Nat Sci Ed, 2015, 39(3):59-64. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-NJLY201503012.htm
[13] 陈闯, 刘勇, 李国雷, 等.底部渗灌灌水梯度对栓皮栎容器苗生长和养分状况的影响[J].林业科学, 2015, 51(7):21-27. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-LYKE201507003.htm

CHEN Chuang, LIU Yong, LI Guolei, et al. Effects of sub-irrigation gradients on growth and nutrient status of containerized seedlings of Quercus variabilis[J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2015, 51(7):21-27. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-LYKE201507003.htm
[14] 奚旺, 刘勇, 马履一, 等.底部渗灌对华北落叶松容器苗水肥利用状况及生长, 光合特性的影响[J].东北林业大学学报, 2014, 42(12):37-42. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2014.12.008

XI Wang, LIU Yong, MA Lüyi, et al. Effect of sub-irrigation with different water and fertilizer supplies on growth, photosynthetic characteristics and water-use efficiency of containerized Larix principis-rupprechtii Mayr. seedlings[J]. J Northeast For Univ, 2014, 42(12):37-42. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2014.12.008
[15] 奚旺, 刘勇, 马履一, 等.底部渗灌条件下水肥对华北落叶松容器苗生长及基质pH值, 电导率的影响[J].林业科学, 2015, 51(6):36-43.

XI Wang, LIU Yong, MA Lüyi, et al. Effects of sub-irrigation with different water and fertilizer supplies on growth, media pH and electric conductance of containerized Larix principis-rupprechtii seedlings[J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2015, 51(6):36-43.
[16] 毛海颖, 马履一, 贾忠奎, 等.气候因素对栓皮栎容器苗耗水规律的影响[J].东北林业大学学报, 2010, 38(7):25-28. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DBLY201007009.htm

MAO Haiying, MA Lüyi, JIA Zhongkui, et al. Effects of climate factors on water consumption law of Quercus variabilis seedlings[J]. J Northeast For Univ, 2010, 38(7):25-28. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DBLY201007009.htm
[17] LANDIS T D, WILKINSON K M. Water quality and irrigation[G]//WIKINSON K M, LANDIS T D, HAASE D L, et al. Tropical Nursery Manual:A Guide to Starting and Operating a Nursery for Native and Traditional Plants. Washington D C:USDA Forest Service, 2014:207-231.
[18] 李霞. 控根栽培对桂花根系构型及功能变化影响[D]. 南京: 南京林业大学, 2010.

LI Xia. The Effection on Osmanthus fragrans's Root System and Function Under the Control Root Cultivation Mode[D]. Nanjing:Nanjing Forestry University, 2010.
[19] BURDETT A N. Juvenile instability in planted pines[J]. Irish For, 1979, 36(1):36-47. doi:  10.1007/BF02182653
[20] WENNY D L, WOOLLEN R L. Chemical root pruning improves the root system morphology of containerized seedlings[J]. Western J Appl For, 1989, 4(1):15-17. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/saf/wjaf/1989/00000004/00000001/art00007
[21] 王良桂, 李霞, 杨秀莲.控根栽培下桂花根系的动态生长与垂直分布特征[J].南京林业大学学报 (自然科学版), 2011, 35(4):43-46. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-NJLY201104008.htm

WANG Lianggui, LI Xia, YANG Xiulian. The growing dynamics and vertical distribution feature of Osmanthus fragrans seedling root system under the root-controlling cultivation[J]. J Nanjing For Univ Nat Sci Ed, 2011, 35(4):43-46. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-NJLY201104008.htm
[22] MARLER T E, WILLIS D. Research reports chemical or air root-pruning containers improve carambola, longan, and mango seedling root morphology and initial root growth after transplanting[J]. J Environ Hortic, 1996, 14(2):47-49.
[23] 王月海, 房用, 史少军, 等.平衡根系无纺布容器苗造林试验[J].东北林业大学学报, 2008, 36(1):14-15. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-TREE200603014.htm

WANG Yuehai, FANG Yong, SHI Shaojun, et al. Aforestation by no-woven-cloth container seedlings with balanced root system[J]. J Northeast For Univ, 2008, 36(1):14-15. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-TREE200603014.htm
[24] BOWEN G D. Tree roots and the use of soil nutrients[G]//BOWEN G D, NAMBIAR E K S. Nutrition Plantation Forests. Rome; FAO, 1984:147-179.
[25] 张金浩, 周再知, 杨晓清, 等.氮素营养对肯氏南洋杉幼苗生长, 根系活力及氮含量的影响[J].林业科学, 2014, 50(2):31-36. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-LYKE201402005.htm

ZHANG Jinhao, ZHOU Zaizhi, YANG Xiaoqing, et al. Effects of exponential nitrogen loading on growth, root activity and N content of Araucaria cunninghamii seedlings[J]. Sci Silv Sin, 2014, 50(2):31-36. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-LYKE201402005.htm
[26] PREGITZER K S, DEFOREST J L, BURTON A J, et al. Fine root architecture of nine North American trees[J]. Ecol Monogr, 2002, 72(2):293-309. doi:  10.1890/0012-9615(2002)072[0293:FRAONN]2.0.CO;2
[27] 吴文勇, 杨培岭, 刘洪禄.温室土壤-植物-环境连续体水热运移研究进展[J].灌溉排水, 2002, 21(1):76-78. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10019-2002124276.htm

WU Wenyong, YANG Peiling, LIU Honglu. Retrospect and prospect on researches of water and heat transfer in soil-plant-environment continuum (SPEC) in greenhouse[J]. Irrig Drain, 2002, 21(1):76-78. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10019-2002124276.htm