[1] 钱新锋, 赏国锋, 沈国清, 等.园林绿化废弃物生物质炭化与应用技术研究进展[J].中国园林, 2012, 28(11):101-104. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hljkjxx201318141

QIAN Xinfeng, SHANG Guofeng, SHEN Guoqing, et al. Reviews on carbonization of green waste and its application technique[J]. Chin Landscape Archit, 2012, 28(11):101-104. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hljkjxx201318141
[2] 王芳, 李洪远.绿化废弃物资源化利用与前景展望[J].中国发展, 2014, 14(1):5-11. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1671-2404.2014.01.002

WANG Fang, LI Hongyuan. Resource utilization and prospect for the greening waste[J]. China Dev, 2014, 14(1):5-11. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1671-2404.2014.01.002
[3] 孙健, 罗文邃, 汪洋.园林植物废弃物资源化利用现状与展望[C]//中国环境科学学会.中国环境科学学会学术年会论文集: 第5卷.北京: 中国环境出版社, 2013: 5387-5391.
[4] 袁金华, 徐仁扣.生物质炭的性质及其对土壤环境功能影响的研究进展[J].生态环境学报, 2011, 20(4):779-785. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1674-5906.2011.04.034

YUAN Jinhua, XU Renkou. Progress of the research on the properties of biochars and their influence on soil environmental functions[J]. Ecol Environ Sci, 2011, 20(4):779-785. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1674-5906.2011.04.034
[5] ALEXIS M A, RASSE D P, RUMPEL C, et al. Fire impact on C and N losses and charcoal production in a scrub oak ecosystem[J]. Biogeochemistry, 2007, 82:201-216. doi:  10.1007/s10533-006-9063-1
[6] 陈伟, 杨海平, 刘标, 等.温度对竹屑热解多联产产物特性的影响[J].农业工程学报, 2014, 30(22):245-252. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2014.22.030

CHEN Wei, YANG Haiping, LIU Biao, et al. Effect of temperature on characteristics products derived from bamboo chips pyrolysis based on pyrolytic polygeneration[J]. Trans Chin Soc Agric Eng, 2014, 30(22):245-252. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2014.22.030
[7] 颜钰, 王子莹, 金洁, 等.不同生物质来源和热解温度条件下制备的生物炭对菲的吸附行为[J].农业环境科学学报, 2014, 33(9):1810-1816. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/nyhjbh201409020

YAN Yu, WANG Ziying, JIN Jie, et al. Phenanthrene adsorption on biochars produced from different biomass materials at two temperatures[J]. J Agro-Environ Sci, 2014, 33(9):1810-1816. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/nyhjbh201409020
[8] 杨兴, 黄化刚, 王玲, 等.烟秆生物质炭热解温度优化及理化性质分析[J].浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版), 2016, 42(2):245-255. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zjdxxb-nyysm201602014

YANG Xing, HUANG Huagang, WANG Ling, et al. Pyrolysis temperature optimization of biochar from tobacco stalk and its physicochemical characterization[J]. J Zhejiang Univ Agric Life Sci, 2016, 42(2):245-255. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zjdxxb-nyysm201602014
[9] 林宁, 张晗, 贾珍珍, 等.不同生物质来源生物炭对Pb(Ⅱ)的吸附特性[J].农业环境科学学报, 2016, 35(5):992-998. http://kns.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?filename=NHBH201605025&dbname=CJFD&dbcode=CJFQ

LIN Ning, ZHANG Han, JIA Zhenzhen, et al. Adsorption of Pb(Ⅱ) by biochars derived from three types of biomass[J]. J Agro-Environ Sci, 2016, 35(5):992-998. http://kns.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?filename=NHBH201605025&dbname=CJFD&dbcode=CJFQ
[10] 李瑞月, 陈德, 李恋卿, 等.不同作物秸秆生物炭对溶液中Pb2+, Cd2+的吸附[J].农业环境科学学报, 2015, 34(5):1001-1008. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=nyhjbh201505025

LI Ruiyue, CHEN De, LI Lianqing, et al. Adsorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ in aqueous solution by biochars derived from different crop residues[J]. J Agro-Environ Sci, 2015, 34(5):1001-1008. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=nyhjbh201505025
[11] 陆扣萍, 郭茜, 胡国涛, 等.猪炭和竹炭的理化特性差异及其对菜地土壤氨挥发的影响[J].浙江农林大学学报, 2017, 34(4):647-655. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZJLX201704011.htm

LU Kouping, GUO Xi, HU Guotao, et al. Physiological and biochemical characteristics of pig versus bamboo biochars and their effects on ammonia volatilization in greenhouse vegetable production[J]. J Zhejiang A&F Univ, 2017, 34(4):647-655. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZJLX201704011.htm
[12] 韩剑宏, 李艳伟, 姚卫华, 等.玉米秸秆和污泥共热解制备的生物质炭及其对盐碱土壤理化性质的影响[J].水土保持通报, 2017, 37(4):92-98, 105. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stbctb201704016

HAN Jianhong, LI Yanwei, YAO Weihua, et al. Co-pyrolysis preparing biochar with corn straw and sewage sludge and its effects on saline soil improvement[J]. Bull Soil Water Conserv, 2017, 37(4):92-98, 105. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stbctb201704016
[13] 孙雪, 刘琪琪, 郭虎, 等.猪粪生物质炭对土壤肥效及小白菜生长的影响[J].农业环境科学学报, 2016, 35(9):1756-1763. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/nyhjbh201609018

SUN Xue, LIU Qiqi, GUO Hu, et al. Effects of swine manure biochar on soil fertility and cabbage (Brassica chinensis) growth[J]. J Agro-Environ Sci, 2016, 35(9):1756-1763. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/nyhjbh201609018
[14] 陈再明, 陈宝梁, 周丹丹.水稻秸秆生物炭的结构特征及其对有机污染物的吸附性能[J].环境科学学报, 2013, 33(1):9-19. http://www.cqvip.com/QK/91840X/201301/44326051.html

CHEN Zaiming, CHEN Baoliang, ZHOU Dandan. Composition and sorption properties of rice-straw derived biochars[J]. Acta Sci Circumstantiae, 2013, 33(1):9-19. http://www.cqvip.com/QK/91840X/201301/44326051.html
[15] 高凯芳.原材料和温度对生物炭的理化特性及镉吸附能力的影响研究[D].南昌: 江西师范大学, 2016. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10414-1016153552.htm

GAO Kaifang. Effect of Raw Materials and Temperature on Physical and Chemical Properties and Cadmium Adsorption Capacity of Biochar[D]. Nanchang: Jiangxi Normal University, 2016. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10414-1016153552.htm
[16] 赵世翔, 姬强, 李忠徽, 等.热解温度对生物质炭性质及其在土壤中矿化的影响[J].农业机械学报, 2015, 46(6):183-192, 200. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/nyjxxb201506026

ZHAO Shixiang, JI Qiang, LI Zhonghui, et al. Characteristics and mineralization in soil of apple-derived biochar produced at different temperatures[J]. Trans Chin Soc Agric Mach, 2015, 46(6):183-192, 200. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/nyjxxb201506026
[17] 曹美珠, 潘丽萍, 张超兰, 等. 4种生物质炭的表面特性及其对水溶液中镉-阿特拉津的吸附性能研究[J].农业环境科学学报, 2014, 33(12):2350-2358. doi:  10.11654/jaes.2014.12.011

CAO Meizhu, PAN Liping, ZHANG Chaolan, et al. Surface characteristics of four biochars and their adsorption of Cd and atrazine in aqueous solution[J]. J Agro-Environ Sci, 2014, 33(12):2350-2358. doi:  10.11654/jaes.2014.12.011
[18] PARSHETTI G K, HOEKMAN S K, BALASUBRAMANIAN R. Chemical, structural and combustion characteristics of carbonaceous products obtained by hydrothermal carbonization of palm empty fruit bunches[J]. Bioresour Technol, 2013, 135(3):683-689. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=ae993aa92ced6ca8f9ddf128f152610c
[19] WU Weixiang, YANG Min, FENG Qibo, et al. Chemical characterization of rice straw-derived biochar for soil amendment[J]. Biomass Bioenergy, 2012, 47(4):268-276. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0961953412003741
[20] 罗煜, 赵立欣, 孟海波, 等.不同温度下热裂解芒草生物质炭的理化特征分析[J].农业工程学报, 2013, 29(13):208-217. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2013.13.027

LUO Yu, ZHAO Lixin, MENG Haibo, et al. Physio-chemical characterization of biochars pyrolyzed from miscanthus under two different temperatures[J]. Trans Chin Soc Agric Eng, 2013, 29(13):208-217. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2013.13.027
[21] 徐义亮.生物碳的制备热动力学特性及其对镉的吸附性能和机理[D].杭州: 浙江大学, 2013. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=Y2405153

XU Yiliang. Thermodynamic Properties of Biochar Proparation and Sorption Characteristics and Mechanisms of Cadmium onto Biochars[D]. Hangzhou: Zhejiang University, 2013. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=Y2405153
[22] 林肖庆, 吕豪豪, 刘玉学, 等.生物质原料及炭化温度对生物炭产率与性质的影响[J].浙江农业学报, 2016, 28(7):1216-1223. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1004-1524.2016.07.019

LIN Xiaoqing, LÜ Haohao, LIU Yuxue, et al. Effects of biomass and carbonization temperature on biochar yield and characteristics[J]. Acta Agric Zhejiang, 2016, 28(7):1216-1223. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1004-1524.2016.07.019
[23] 罗烨.竹制备生物炭的特性表征及对土壤N2O排放的抑制[D].青岛: 中国海洋大学, 2012. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=Y2158771

LUO Ye. Production and Characterization of Giant Reed (Arundo donax Linn.)Biochars for Inhibiting N2O Emission from Soil[D]. Qingdao: Ocean University of China, 2012. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=Y2158771
[24] 潘萌娇.燕山山脉木材热裂解规律及生物质油特性实验研究[D].天津: 河北工业大学, 2014. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=D680539

PAN Mengjiao. The Experimental Study on Wood Pyrolysis Rules of Yanshan Mountains and Characteristics of the Bio-oil[D]. Tianjin: Hebei University of Technology, 2014. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=D680539
[25] DEMIRBAS A. Effects of temperature and particle size on bio-char yield from pyrolysis of agricultural residues[J]. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 2004, 72(2):243-248. doi:  10.1016/j.jaap.2004.07.003
[26] PASTOROVA I, BOTTO R E, ARISZ P W, et al. Cellulose char structure:a combined analytical Py-GCvMS, FTIR, and NMR study[J]. Carbohydr Res, 1994, 262(1):27-47. doi:  10.1016/0008-6215(94)84003-2
[27] 孙克静, 张海荣, 唐景春.不同生物质原料水热生物炭特性的研究[J].农业环境科学学报, 2014, 33(11):2260-2265. doi:  10.11654/jaes.2014.11.027

SUN Kejing, ZHANG Hairong, TANG Jingchun. Properties of hydrochars from different sources of biomass feedstock[J]. J Agro-Environ Sci, 2014, 33(11):2260-2265. doi:  10.11654/jaes.2014.11.027
[28] SHARMA R K, WOOTEN J B, BALIGA V L, et al. Characterization of chars from pyrolysis of lignin[J]. Fuel, 2004, 83(11):1469-1482. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=5032fd517226523d7b2579a77030e03c
[29] 罗凯, 陈汉平, 王贤华, 等.生物质焦及其特性[J].可再生能源, 2007, 25(1):17-19, 22. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1671-5292.2007.01.005

LUO Kai, CHEN Hanping, WANG Xianhua, et al. Characterization of bio-char and its characteristics[J]. Renewable Energy Resour, 2007, 25(1):17-19, 22. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1671-5292.2007.01.005
[30] 谭洪, 张磊, 韩玉阁.不同种类生物质热解炭的特性实验研究[J].生物质化学工程, 2009, 43(5):31-34. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1673-5854.2009.05.007

TAN Hong, ZHANG Lei, HAN Yuge. Experimental research on the characterization of char product from biomass pyrolysis[J]. Biomass Chem, Eng, 2009, 43(5):31-34. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1673-5854.2009.05.007
[31] 卞荣军.城市和农业废弃物生物质炭的农田环境效应及安全性与可持续性研究[D].南京: 南京农业大学, 2014. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=Y2975985

BIAN Rongjun. Sustainable Effect of Biochar from Municipal Blowaste and Crop Straw on Land Environment and Safety[D]. Nanjing: Nanjing Agricultural University, 2014. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=Y2975985
[32] 王怀臣, 冯雷雨, 陈银广.废物资源化制备生物质炭及其应用的研究进展[J].化工进展, 2012, 31(4):907-914. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hgjz201204041

WANG Huaichen, FENG Leiyu, CHEN Yinguang. Advances in biochar production from wastes and its applications[J]. Chem Ind Eng Prog, 2012, 31(4):907-914. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hgjz201204041
[33] AMELOOT N, de NEVE S, JEGAJEEVAGAN K, et al. Short-term CO2 and N2O emissions and microbial properties of biochar amended sandy loam soils[J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2013, 57(3):401-410. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=3cf85294b7282843aaa7c3fd1451ce05
[34] YUAN Jinhua, XU Renkou, ZHANG Hong. The forms of alkalis in the biochar produced from crop residues at different temperatures[J]. Bioresour Technol, 2011, 102(3):3488-3497. doi:  10.1016/j.biortech.2010.11.018
[35] 关连珠, 禅忠祥, 张金海, 等.炭化玉米秸秆对棕壤磷素组分及有效性的影响[J].中国农业科学, 2013, 46(10):2050-2057. doi:  10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2013.10.010

GUAN Lianzhu, CHAN Zhongxiang, ZHANG Jinhai, et al. Influence of carbonized maize stalks on fractions and availability of phosphorus in brown soil[J]. Sci Agric Sin, 2013, 46(10):2050-2057. doi:  10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2013.10.010
[36] 赵其国, 黄国勤, 马艳芹.中国南方红壤生态系统面临的问题及对策[J].生态学报, 2013, 33(24):7615-7622. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201324001

ZHAO Qiguo, HUANG Guoqin, MA Yanqin. The problems in red soil ecosystem in southern of China and its countermeasures[J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2013, 33(24):7615-7622. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201324001