[1] 邬建国. 景观生态学——格局、过程、尺度与等级[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2007: 106−115.
[2] 陈永林, 谢炳庚, 李晓青. 长沙市土地利用格局变化的空间粒度效应[J]. 地理科学, 2016, 36(4): 564 − 570.

CHEN Yonglin, XIE Binggeng, LI Xiaoqing. Spatial grain size effect on land use pattern changes in Changsha City [J]. Sci Geogr Sin, 2016, 36(4): 564 − 570.
[3] 殷小彤. 西北地区农村居民点景观格局指数的尺度效应及其最佳粒度选择分析:以西安市为例[J]. 中国农业资源与区划, 2016, 37(12): 149 − 154. doi:  10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20161223

YIN Xiaotong. Analysis of the scale effect on landscape spatial pattern of rural residential area: taking Xi’an City as an example [J]. Chin J Agric Resour Reg Plann, 2016, 37(12): 149 − 154. doi:  10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20161223
[4] 郭琳, 宋戈, 张远景, 等. 基于最佳分析粒度的巴彦县土地利用景观空间格局分析[J]. 资源科学, 2013, 35(10): 2052 − 2060.

GUO Lin, SONG Ge, ZHANG Yuanjing, et al. Land-use spatial analysis for Bayan County based on optimal grain size [J]. Resour Sci, 2013, 35(10): 2052 − 2060.
[5] 王彦军, 杨月. 基于地理国情普查成果的城市景观格局分析[J]. 现代测绘, 2018, 41(2): 27 − 30. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1672-4097.2018.02.008

WANG Yanjun, YANG Yue. Analysis on landscape pattern of city based on the survey of geographical conditions [J]. Modern Surv Mapp, 2018, 41(2): 27 − 30. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1672-4097.2018.02.008
[6] 刘玉卿, 张华兵, 张云峰. 盐城海岸带生态系统服务价值时空分异[J]. 浙江农林大学学报, 2019, 36(4): 774 − 782. doi:  10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.2019.04.018

LIU Yuqing, ZHANG Huabing, ZHANG Yunfeng. Spatio-temporal variation of ecosystem services value in Yancheng coastal zone [J]. J Zhejiang A&F Univ, 2019, 36(4): 774 − 782. doi:  10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.2019.04.018
[7] 周媛. 多元目标导向下的成都中心城区绿地生态网络构建[J]. 浙江农林大学学报, 2019, 36(2): 359 − 365. doi:  10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.2019.02.018

ZHOU Yuan. Developing urban greenspace ecological network in Chengdu City center based on multiple objectives [J]. J Zhejiang A&F Univ, 2019, 36(2): 359 − 365. doi:  10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.2019.02.018
[8] 冀亚哲, 张小林, 吴江国, 等. 聚落景观格局的空间粒度转换响应及其机理分析:以江苏省镇江地区为例[J]. 长江流域资源与环境, 2013, 22(3): 322 − 330.

JI Yazhe, ZHANG Xiaolin, WU Jiangguo, et al. Analysis of mechanism of the settlements landscape change during transforming data with several spatial granularities [J]. Resour Environ Yangtze Basin, 2013, 22(3): 322 − 330.
[9] 张韧璎. 天水市土地利用景观格局动态及空间幅度效应研究[D]. 兰州: 甘肃农业大学, 2018.

ZHANG Renying. Study on Dynamics of Landscape Pattern and Spatial Extent Effect in Tianshui[D]. Lanzhou: Gansu Agricultural University, 2018.
[10] 乔伟峰, 吴江国, 王亚华. 多尺度粒度变化对区域土地利用景观格局的影响:以镇江市为例[J]. 南京师大学报(自然科学版), 2015, 38(3): 120 − 126.

QIAO Weifeng, WU Jiangguo, WANG Yahua. Effect of multi-scale granularity change to regional land use landscape pattern: a case study of Zhenjiang [J]. J Nanjing Norm Univ Nat Sci Ed, 2015, 38(3): 120 − 126.
[11] 任梅, 王志杰, 王志泰, 等. 黔中喀斯特山地城市景观格局指数粒度效应——以安顺市为例[J]. 生态学杂志, 2018, 37(10): 3137 − 3145.

REN Mei, WANG Zhijie, WANG Zhitai, et al. Grain size effect of karst mountainous urban landscape pattern indices in the central Guizhou: a case study of Anshun City [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2018, 37(10): 3137 − 3145.
[12] 刘德林, 方炫, 李壁成. 黄土高原小流域尺度土地利用景观格局指数的粒度效应[J]. 水土保持通报, 2013, 33(4): 206 − 210.

LIU Delin, FANG Xuan, LI Bicheng. Effects of grain change on landscape metrics of landuse in small watershed on Loess Plateau [J]. Bull Soil Water Conserv, 2013, 33(4): 206 − 210.
[13] 马胜, 梁小英, 刘迪, 等. 生态脆弱区多尺度景观生态风险评价:以陕西省米脂县高渠乡为例[J]. 生态学杂志, 2018, 37(10): 3171 − 3178.

MA Sheng, LIANG Xiaoying, LIU Di, et al. Multi-scale landscape ecological risk assessment in ecologically fragile regions: a case study in Gaoqu Town in Mizhi County, Shaanxi Province [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2018, 37(10): 3171 − 3178.
[14] 孟瑶瑶, 薛丽芳. 南四湖流域土地利用及其景观格局变化分析[J]. 水土保持研究, 2017, 24(3): 246 − 252.

MENG Yaoyao, XUE Lifang. Analysis on landscape pattern change and land use in Nansi Lake Basin [J]. Res Soil Water Conserv, 2017, 24(3): 246 − 252.
[15] 翟俊, 侯鹏, 赵志平, 等. 青海湖流域景观格局空间粒度效应分析[J]. 国土资源遥感, 2018, 30(3): 159 − 166. doi:  10.6046/gtzyyg.2018.03.22

ZHAI Jun, HOU Peng, ZHAO Zhiping, et al. An analysis of landscape pattern spatial grain size effects in Qinghai Lake watershed [J]. Remote Sensing Land Resour, 2018, 30(3): 159 − 166. doi:  10.6046/gtzyyg.2018.03.22
[16] 孔维静, 王一涵, 潘雪莲, 等. 辽宁太子河上游沿岸景观格局的幅度效应[J]. 山地学报, 2013, 31(3): 287 − 293. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2013.03.005

KONG Weijing, WANG Yihan, PAN Xuelian, et al. Extent effect of landscape pattern along upper reaches of Taizi River, Liaoning, China [J]. J Mt Sci, 2013, 31(3): 287 − 293. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2013.03.005
[17] 易海杰, 张丽, 罗维, 等. 1990−2013年洋河流域土地利用景观格局的粒度效应[J]. 中国农学通报, 2018, 34(19): 83 − 95.

YI Haijie, ZHANG Li, LUO Wei, et al. Spatial grain size effect on land use pattern changes within the Yanghe Watershed in 1990−2013 [J]. Chin Agric Sci Bull, 2018, 34(19): 83 − 95.
[18] 王德智, 邱彭华, 方源敏. 丽香铁路建设对沿线景观格局影响的尺度效应及其生态风险[J]. 应用生态学报, 2015, 26(8): 2493 − 2503.

WANG Dezhi, QIU Penghua, FANG Yuanmin. Scale effect of Li-Xiang Railway construction impact on landscape pattern and its ecological risk [J]. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2015, 26(8): 2493 − 2503.
[19] 孟楠, 韩宝龙, 王海洋, 等. 澳门城市生态系统格局变化研究[J]. 生态学报, 2018, 38(18): 6442 − 6451.

MENG Nan, HAN Baolong, WANG Haiyang, et al. Study on the evolution of urban ecosystem patterns in Macao [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2018, 38(18): 6442 − 6451.
[20] 张玲玲, 史云飞, 刘玉华. 空间粒度变化对沂蒙山区景观格局指数的影响[J]. 生态学杂志, 2013, 32(2): 459 − 464.

ZHANG Lingling, SHI Yunfei, LIU Yuhua. Effects of spatial grain change on the landscape pattern indices in Yimeng Mountain area of Shandong Province, East China [J]. Chin J Ecol, 2013, 32(2): 459 − 464.
[21] 杨晓红, 张双双, 汪鑫. 基于地理国情数据的土地利用景观格局分析[J]. 地理空间信息, 2019, 17(10): 32 − 36, 40, 10.

YANG Xiaohong, ZHANG Shuangshuang, WANG Xin. Land use landscape pattern analysis based on geographical conditions data [J]. Geospat Inf, 2019, 17(10): 32 − 36, 40, 10.
[22] 邱海军, 曹明明. 土地利用景观格局指数的粒度效应:以黄龙县为例[J]. 地域研究与开发, 2011, 30(1): 126 − 129. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1003-2363.2011.01.027

QIU Haijun, CAO Mingming. The effects of grain change on land use landscape pattern indices: a case study of Huanglong County [J]. Areal Res Dev, 2011, 30(1): 126 − 129. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1003-2363.2011.01.027
[23] 张皓玮, 李欣, 殷如梦, 等. 旅游城镇化地区土地利用景观格局指数的粒度效应:以扬州市广陵区为例[J]. 南京师大学报(自然科学版), 2018, 41(3): 122 − 130.

ZHANG Haowei, LI Xin, YIN Rumeng, et al. Grain size effect of urbanization tourist areas of land use landscape pattern index: a case study of Guangling District of Yangzhou [J]. J Nanjing Norm Univ Nat Sci Ed, 2018, 41(3): 122 − 130.
[24] 丁雪姣, 沈强, 聂超甲, 等. 省域尺度下不同时序景观指数集与粒度效应分析[J]. 中国农业资源与区划, 2019, 40(3): 111 − 120.

DING Xuejiao, SHEN Qiang, NIE Chaojia, et al. Analysis of landscape indice set and grain effect of different time series at provincial scale [J]. Chin J Agric Resour Reg Plann, 2019, 40(3): 111 − 120.
[25] 施英俊, 高健, 雷亚君, 等. 阿尔泰山森林景观特征及其适宜粒度分析[J]. 西部林业科学, 2019, 48(1): 63 − 69.

SHI Yingjun, GAO Jian, LEI Yajun, et al. Landscape characteristics and suitability analysis of the Altai Mountains [J]. J West China For Sci, 2019, 48(1): 63 − 69.
[26] WU Jianguo, HOBBS R. Key issues and research priorities in landscape ecology: an idiosyncratic synthesis [J]. Landscape Ecol, 2002, 17(4): 355 − 365. doi:  10.1023/A:1020561630963
[27] 黄晶晶, 于银霞, 于东升, 等. 利用景观指数定量化评估历史土壤图制图精度[J]. 土壤学报, 2019, 56(1): 44 − 54.

HUANG Jingjing, YU Yinxia, YU Dongsheng, et al. Quantitative evaluation of mapping precision of historical soil maps with landscape indices [J]. Acat Pedol Sin, 2019, 56(1): 44 − 54.