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热处理木材的材性预测与质量控制研究现状与发展

邢东 胡建鹏 姚利宏

邢东, 胡建鹏, 姚利宏. 热处理木材的材性预测与质量控制研究现状与发展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20190449
引用本文: 邢东, 胡建鹏, 姚利宏. 热处理木材的材性预测与质量控制研究现状与发展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20190449
XING Dong, HU Jianpeng, YAO Lihong. Research review of material prediction and quality control of heat-treated wood[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20190449
Citation: XING Dong, HU Jianpeng, YAO Lihong. Research review of material prediction and quality control of heat-treated wood[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20190449

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热处理木材的材性预测与质量控制研究现状与发展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20190449
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(31700484);内蒙古农业大学高层次人才引进科研启动项目(NDYB2017-4)
详细信息
    作者简介: 邢东,讲师,博士,从事木材功能性改良研究。E-mail:xing.dong2008@163.com
  • 中图分类号: S781.4

Research review of material prediction and quality control of heat-treated wood

  • 摘要: 木材热处理技术作为一种绿色、环境友好的木材物理改性方法,不仅能够提高木材尺寸稳定性和生物耐久性,同时能有效改善木材材色,因此被广泛应用于人工林速生材的功能性改良。讨论了基于热处理技术研究的部分代表性成果,总结了当前木材热处理的主要工艺,并对未来研究提出了展望。目前木材热处理的研究主要集中于:①高温热处理对木材尺寸稳定性、材色和结晶性等性能的影响机理;②高温环境对木材主要化学组分的含量及抽提物挥发和裂解过程的影响;③木质素中酚羟基和表面自由基数量变化和反应活性研究;④热处理对木材渗透性、漆膜附着力和耐久性等的影响。在此基础上,进一步分析了热处理前后木材特征性能(质量或表面色度指数)变化与热处理强度的相关关系。其中质量损失率、处理材色差及氧碳元素比等木材本身特征参数是预测处理材材性的重要参数。未来木材热处理研究应集中于细胞水平的微观力学性能变化与宏观力学性能的影响,降低木材热处理工艺能耗水平的催化剂开发。结合热处理木材主元素含量或比例、表面材色等特性快速高精度预测其生物耐久性、环境学特性和力学特性等。另一方面,根据使用环境和要求,利用预测模型确定热处理的主要工艺参数,为后续研究提供借鉴和参考。参50
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-06-29
  • 修回日期:  2020-02-10

热处理木材的材性预测与质量控制研究现状与发展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20190449
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(31700484);内蒙古农业大学高层次人才引进科研启动项目(NDYB2017-4)
    作者简介:

    邢东,讲师,博士,从事木材功能性改良研究。E-mail:xing.dong2008@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S781.4

摘要: 木材热处理技术作为一种绿色、环境友好的木材物理改性方法,不仅能够提高木材尺寸稳定性和生物耐久性,同时能有效改善木材材色,因此被广泛应用于人工林速生材的功能性改良。讨论了基于热处理技术研究的部分代表性成果,总结了当前木材热处理的主要工艺,并对未来研究提出了展望。目前木材热处理的研究主要集中于:①高温热处理对木材尺寸稳定性、材色和结晶性等性能的影响机理;②高温环境对木材主要化学组分的含量及抽提物挥发和裂解过程的影响;③木质素中酚羟基和表面自由基数量变化和反应活性研究;④热处理对木材渗透性、漆膜附着力和耐久性等的影响。在此基础上,进一步分析了热处理前后木材特征性能(质量或表面色度指数)变化与热处理强度的相关关系。其中质量损失率、处理材色差及氧碳元素比等木材本身特征参数是预测处理材材性的重要参数。未来木材热处理研究应集中于细胞水平的微观力学性能变化与宏观力学性能的影响,降低木材热处理工艺能耗水平的催化剂开发。结合热处理木材主元素含量或比例、表面材色等特性快速高精度预测其生物耐久性、环境学特性和力学特性等。另一方面,根据使用环境和要求,利用预测模型确定热处理的主要工艺参数,为后续研究提供借鉴和参考。参50

English Abstract

邢东, 胡建鹏, 姚利宏. 热处理木材的材性预测与质量控制研究现状与发展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20190449
引用本文: 邢东, 胡建鹏, 姚利宏. 热处理木材的材性预测与质量控制研究现状与发展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20190449
XING Dong, HU Jianpeng, YAO Lihong. Research review of material prediction and quality control of heat-treated wood[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20190449
Citation: XING Dong, HU Jianpeng, YAO Lihong. Research review of material prediction and quality control of heat-treated wood[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20190449

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