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基于热裂解气质联用(Py-GC/MS)技术的土壤有机质化学研究

马书琴 德吉央宗 秦小静 陈有超 胡扬 汪子微 鲁旭阳

马书琴, 德吉央宗, 秦小静, 陈有超, 胡扬, 汪子微, 鲁旭阳. 基于热裂解气质联用(Py-GC/MS)技术的土壤有机质化学研究[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210133
引用本文: 马书琴, 德吉央宗, 秦小静, 陈有超, 胡扬, 汪子微, 鲁旭阳. 基于热裂解气质联用(Py-GC/MS)技术的土壤有机质化学研究[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210133
MA Shuqin, Degyiyongzom, QIN Xiaojing, CHEN Youchao, HU Yang, WANG Ziwei, LU Xuyang. Soil organic matter chemistry based on pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) technology: a review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210133
Citation: MA Shuqin, Degyiyongzom, QIN Xiaojing, CHEN Youchao, HU Yang, WANG Ziwei, LU Xuyang. Soil organic matter chemistry based on pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) technology: a review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210133

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基于热裂解气质联用(Py-GC/MS)技术的土壤有机质化学研究

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210133
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(41877338,31901198);河南师范大学博士科研启动课题(qd18052);西藏自治区自然科学基金(XZ2017ZR G-97)
详细信息
    作者简介: 马书琴(ORCID: 0000-0003-1771-0685),讲师,博士,从事土壤生态和土地管理研究。E-mail: mashuqin@htu.edu.cn
    通信作者: 鲁旭阳(ORCID: 0000-0001-6653-6009),研究员,博士生导师,从事高寒草地生态学研究。E-mail: xylu@imde.ac.cn
  • 中图分类号: S15

Soil organic matter chemistry based on pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) technology: a review

  • 摘要: 土壤有机质(soil organic matter, SOM)是陆地生态系统的重要组成部分,在土壤元素的生物地球化学循环中扮演重要角色,植物源、微生物源和动物源有机残留物的微生物和物理化学转化导致了SOM化学成分的复杂性和多样性,进而使得解析SOM结构和组成具有一定的挑战性。近年来,热裂解气质联用 (pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry,Py-GC/MS)技术被广泛用于测定SOM的结构和化学组成,实现了对SOM化学成分的定性和半定量分析。本研究在分析SOM组成及来源的基础上,综述了目前基于Py-GC/MS技术研究SOM化学组成的研究成果,主要包括SOM化学组成和其来源的前体物质及特殊SOM化学成分解析,评估SOM的稳定性,探讨土壤物质循环过程,研究SOM对气候变化和土地利用方式的响应机制。研究表明:①不同生态系统SOM的化学组成存在一定差异,这是由于不同植物来源的化合物在土壤中的积累过程和初始凋落物的化学成分直接影响着SOM化学组成,②SOM化学组成和外界环境条件密切相关,影响SOM含量和动态过程的最重要因子是气候,它通过影响植被类型分布、光合作用物质生成量和土壤微生物活性调节SOM的化学组成,土地利用方式、野火、耕作方式等也影响着SOM的含量和组成。基于Py-GC/MS技术从SOM的本质,也就是SOM化学成分和化学组成角度揭示土壤生态过程及其对气候变化和人类活动的响应机制是未来的研究方向。图1参107
  • 图  1  土壤有机质形成和循环的过程 (DOC:可溶性有机碳;POC:颗粒有机碳;DIC:溶解无机碳)

    Figure  1  Formation and cycle of soil organic matter (DOC: dissolved organic carbon; POC: particulate organic carbon; DIC: dissolved inorganic carbon)

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-11-23
  • 修回日期:  2021-01-22

基于热裂解气质联用(Py-GC/MS)技术的土壤有机质化学研究

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210133
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金资助项目(41877338,31901198);河南师范大学博士科研启动课题(qd18052);西藏自治区自然科学基金(XZ2017ZR G-97)
    作者简介:

    马书琴(ORCID: 0000-0003-1771-0685),讲师,博士,从事土壤生态和土地管理研究。E-mail: mashuqin@htu.edu.cn

    通信作者: 鲁旭阳(ORCID: 0000-0001-6653-6009),研究员,博士生导师,从事高寒草地生态学研究。E-mail: xylu@imde.ac.cn
  • 中图分类号: S15

摘要: 土壤有机质(soil organic matter, SOM)是陆地生态系统的重要组成部分,在土壤元素的生物地球化学循环中扮演重要角色,植物源、微生物源和动物源有机残留物的微生物和物理化学转化导致了SOM化学成分的复杂性和多样性,进而使得解析SOM结构和组成具有一定的挑战性。近年来,热裂解气质联用 (pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry,Py-GC/MS)技术被广泛用于测定SOM的结构和化学组成,实现了对SOM化学成分的定性和半定量分析。本研究在分析SOM组成及来源的基础上,综述了目前基于Py-GC/MS技术研究SOM化学组成的研究成果,主要包括SOM化学组成和其来源的前体物质及特殊SOM化学成分解析,评估SOM的稳定性,探讨土壤物质循环过程,研究SOM对气候变化和土地利用方式的响应机制。研究表明:①不同生态系统SOM的化学组成存在一定差异,这是由于不同植物来源的化合物在土壤中的积累过程和初始凋落物的化学成分直接影响着SOM化学组成,②SOM化学组成和外界环境条件密切相关,影响SOM含量和动态过程的最重要因子是气候,它通过影响植被类型分布、光合作用物质生成量和土壤微生物活性调节SOM的化学组成,土地利用方式、野火、耕作方式等也影响着SOM的含量和组成。基于Py-GC/MS技术从SOM的本质,也就是SOM化学成分和化学组成角度揭示土壤生态过程及其对气候变化和人类活动的响应机制是未来的研究方向。图1参107

English Abstract

马书琴, 德吉央宗, 秦小静, 陈有超, 胡扬, 汪子微, 鲁旭阳. 基于热裂解气质联用(Py-GC/MS)技术的土壤有机质化学研究[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210133
引用本文: 马书琴, 德吉央宗, 秦小静, 陈有超, 胡扬, 汪子微, 鲁旭阳. 基于热裂解气质联用(Py-GC/MS)技术的土壤有机质化学研究[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210133
MA Shuqin, Degyiyongzom, QIN Xiaojing, CHEN Youchao, HU Yang, WANG Ziwei, LU Xuyang. Soil organic matter chemistry based on pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) technology: a review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210133
Citation: MA Shuqin, Degyiyongzom, QIN Xiaojing, CHEN Youchao, HU Yang, WANG Ziwei, LU Xuyang. Soil organic matter chemistry based on pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) technology: a review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210133

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