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植物乙烯响应因子(ERF)的结构、功能及表达调控研究进展

许世达 耿兴敏 王露露

许世达, 耿兴敏, 王露露. 植物乙烯响应因子(ERF)的结构、功能及表达调控研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200346
引用本文: 许世达, 耿兴敏, 王露露. 植物乙烯响应因子(ERF)的结构、功能及表达调控研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200346
XU Shida, GENG Xingmin, WANG Lulu. A review of the structure, function and expression regulation of ethylene response factors (ERF) in plant[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200346
Citation: XU Shida, GENG Xingmin, WANG Lulu. A review of the structure, function and expression regulation of ethylene response factors (ERF) in plant[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200346

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植物乙烯响应因子(ERF)的结构、功能及表达调控研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200346
基金项目: 江苏高校品牌专业建设工程项目(PPZY2015A063)
详细信息
    作者简介: 许世达(ORCID: 0000-0001-9918-111X),从事园林植物应用。E-mail: zelxtar@qq.com
    通信作者: 耿兴敏(ORCID: 0000-0002-0509-382X),教授,博士,从事园林植物种质创新与生理生化的研究。E-mail: xmgeng76@163.com
  • 中图分类号: S718.3

A review of the structure, function and expression regulation of ethylene response factors (ERF) in plant

  • 摘要: 乙烯响应因子(ERF)是植物中AP2/ERF转录因子超家族中的一部分,其结构特征为含有1个AP2结构域,在AP2域外还含有功能各异的基序。ERF在胁迫下通常正向调控植物的抗性,但也会因为一些原因负调控植物的抗性。ERF通过调节果实的色素变化及软化等调控果实成熟过程,通过调控衰老和脱落进程以控制花叶的寿命。ERF受信号分子调控启动转录,之后受其他机制调控完成表达。ERF可以通过调控信号分子对下游基因进行大范围的调控。多种ERF与蛋白质之间互作的机制丰富了ERF调控下游基因的方式。本研究综述了ERF的结构特征、生物学功能及表达调控机制。图1表1参77
  • 图  1  ERF与信号分子的调控关系

    Figure  1  Regulatory relationship between ERF and signal molecules

    表  1  ERF的功能

    Table  1.   Function of ERF

    植物ERFs目的基因及调控方式目的基因说明效果
    拟南芥ERF4CAT3过氧化氢酶,ROS清除酶系统之一根据ERF4形态不同,调控的效果不同[13]
    拟南芥ERF96上调PDF1.2aPR-3/4和ORA59生物胁迫抵御基因,ORA59为转录
    因子
    增强植物对病原体抗性[17]
    拟南芥ERF74上调RbohD呼吸暴发氧化酶,增加活性氧的产量启动胁迫初期活性氧暴发,增强信号传导[18]
    拟南芥Ⅸb组ERF上调CYP81F2杀菌剂吲哚类硫苷合成关键酶增加吲哚类硫苷合成,减少植物间真菌传播[19]
    拟南芥WRI4上调LACS1、KCR1、PAS2、ECRWSD参与表皮蜡质合成增加蜡质合成,保护植物受逆境伤害[20]
    拟南芥RAP2.2和RAP2.12上调LBD41和PCO1低氧响应蛋白质受低氧胁迫诱导,保持低氧应答基因在低氧环境下的稳定[21]
    拟南芥AtERF72下调IRT1、HA2和上调CLH1IRT1、HA2铁吸收,CLH1叶绿素降解受缺铁环境诱导,起到负调控效果[22]
    苹果MdERF2上调MdACS3a果实成熟过程中乙烯合成关键酶基因进一步促进乙烯生成[23]
    苹果MdERF4下调MdERF3转录因子,响应盐胁迫并提高盐胁迫抗性削弱植物对盐胁迫抗性[24]
    水稻OsERF71上调OsXIP抑制微生物来源的木聚糖酶增强植物抗性[25]
    芜菁BrERF72上调BrLOX4、BrAOC3和BrOPR3参与茉莉酸合成加速叶片衰老[26]
    番茄JRE4上调DWF5和GAME4甾醇还原酶和配糖生物碱代谢相关促进糖苷生物碱的合成[27]
    番茄ERF68上调COPA、Sw-5aAOS
    下调CAB
    参与细胞程序性死亡促进细胞程序性死亡,防止病原体扩散[28]
    月季RhERF1和RhERF4下调RhBGLA1β-半乳糖苷酶,加速花瓣脱落防止花瓣脱落[29]
    罂粟PsAP2上调AOX1a抗氧化酶之一增强植株的ROS清除能力[30]
    碧冬茄PhERF2上调ADH1-2乙醇脱氢酶提高植物对水淹抗性[31]
    山葡萄VaERF092上调VaWRKY33转录因子,调控胁迫相关基因增强植物对低温的抗性[32]
    小果野蕉MaERF10下调MaLOX7/8、MaAOC3和MaOPR4参与茉莉酸合成抑制茉莉酸信号,增强冷害[33]
    小果野蕉MaDEAR1下调MaEXP1/3、MaPG1、MaXTH10、MaPL3和MaPME3修饰细胞壁,与果实软化有关的基因防止果实过早软化[34]
    甜橙CitERF13上调CitPPHCitNYC参与叶绿素降解加速果实褪绿[35]
    甜橙和椪柑CitERF6上调CitPPH参与叶绿素降解加速果实褪绿[35]
    桃子PpeERF2下调PpeNCED2/3和PpePG1ABA合成与细胞壁降解防止果实过快软化[36]
    番木瓜CpERF9下调CpPME1/2和CpPG5细胞壁降解防止果实过早软化[37]
    枇杷EjERF39Ej4CL1木质素合成基因促进果实木质化[38]
      说明:苹果Malus domestica、芜菁Brassica rapa、月季Rosa chinensis、罂粟Papaver somniferum、碧冬茄Petunia×hybrida、山葡萄     Vitis amurensis、小果野蕉Musa acuminata、甜橙Citrus sinensis、椪柑Citrus reticulata、桃Amygdalus persica、番木瓜Carica      papaya、枇杷Eriobotrya japonica
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-05-22
  • 修回日期:  2021-01-18

植物乙烯响应因子(ERF)的结构、功能及表达调控研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200346
    基金项目:  江苏高校品牌专业建设工程项目(PPZY2015A063)
    作者简介:

    许世达(ORCID: 0000-0001-9918-111X),从事园林植物应用。E-mail: zelxtar@qq.com

    通信作者: 耿兴敏(ORCID: 0000-0002-0509-382X),教授,博士,从事园林植物种质创新与生理生化的研究。E-mail: xmgeng76@163.com
  • 中图分类号: S718.3

摘要: 乙烯响应因子(ERF)是植物中AP2/ERF转录因子超家族中的一部分,其结构特征为含有1个AP2结构域,在AP2域外还含有功能各异的基序。ERF在胁迫下通常正向调控植物的抗性,但也会因为一些原因负调控植物的抗性。ERF通过调节果实的色素变化及软化等调控果实成熟过程,通过调控衰老和脱落进程以控制花叶的寿命。ERF受信号分子调控启动转录,之后受其他机制调控完成表达。ERF可以通过调控信号分子对下游基因进行大范围的调控。多种ERF与蛋白质之间互作的机制丰富了ERF调控下游基因的方式。本研究综述了ERF的结构特征、生物学功能及表达调控机制。图1表1参77

English Abstract

许世达, 耿兴敏, 王露露. 植物乙烯响应因子(ERF)的结构、功能及表达调控研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200346
引用本文: 许世达, 耿兴敏, 王露露. 植物乙烯响应因子(ERF)的结构、功能及表达调控研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200346
XU Shida, GENG Xingmin, WANG Lulu. A review of the structure, function and expression regulation of ethylene response factors (ERF) in plant[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200346
Citation: XU Shida, GENG Xingmin, WANG Lulu. A review of the structure, function and expression regulation of ethylene response factors (ERF) in plant[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200346

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