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世界桉树林土壤微生物研究进展

韦菊娴 王聪 何斌 尤业明 黄雪蔓

韦菊娴, 王聪, 何斌, 尤业明, 黄雪蔓. 世界桉树林土壤微生物研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210701
引用本文: 韦菊娴, 王聪, 何斌, 尤业明, 黄雪蔓. 世界桉树林土壤微生物研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210701
WEI Juxian, WANG Cong, HE Bin, YOU Yeming, HUANG Xueman. Research progress on soil microorganisms in eucalypt forests[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210701
Citation: WEI Juxian, WANG Cong, HE Bin, YOU Yeming, HUANG Xueman. Research progress on soil microorganisms in eucalypt forests[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210701

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世界桉树林土壤微生物研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210701
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31760201,41807097);广西自然科学基金资助项目(2019GXNSFBA245096);广西科技计划项目(AD19245194)
详细信息
    作者简介: 韦菊娴(ORCID: 0000-0002-4645-840X),从事森林培育与地力维持研究。E-mail: 846644767@qq.com
    通信作者: 王聪(ORCID: 0000-0002-5641-9594),讲师,博士,从事土壤养分循环研究。E-mail: wangcuriel@foxmail.com
  • 中图分类号: S714.3

Research progress on soil microorganisms in eucalypt forests

  • 摘要: 土壤微生物主要通过参与养分元素循环和能量流动等过程来影响桉树生长发育,在提高土壤肥力和生产力方面扮演着重要角色。桉树作为世界三大速生树种之一,种类多,抗逆性强,适应性广。由于生态系统的复杂性和土壤微生物学研究技术手段的限制,桉树林土壤微生物多样性和功能的研究较少,当前对桉树林土壤微生物群落特征的研究大多处于初级阶段。本研究系统综述了不同经营方式、林分类型和林分年龄条件下桉树林土壤微生物群落特征的变化规律及研究进展。与桉树天然林相比,桉树人工林土壤微生物数量一般较少。与桉树人工纯林相比,桉树混交林能提高土壤微生物数量、多样性和活性。桉树林土壤微生物数量一般随林龄的增长而增加,而外生菌根真菌与内生菌根真菌多样性随林龄的增长而下降。分析了土壤微生物参与桉树林土壤养分元素循环和重金属污染修复的作用机制,并对桉树林土壤微生物研究和分析方法及其应用进行了展望。可为维持桉树林土壤健康、促进林业绿色可持续发展提供科学指导。表1参94
  • 表  1  世界桉树人工林分布[7-14]

    Table  1.   Distribution of global eucalypt forests [7-14]

    国家种植面积/hm2国家种植面积/hm2国家种植面积/hm2国家种植面积/hm2
    巴西 4 862 000 中国 4 500 000 印度 3 942 600 澳大利亚 926 000
    乌拉圭 676 024 智利 652 100 葡萄牙 647 000 西班牙 640 000
    越南 586 000 南非 568 000 苏丹 540 400 泰国 500 000
    秘鲁 480 000 阿根廷 330 000 巴基斯坦 245 000 摩洛哥 215 000
    菲律宾 189 000 马达加斯加 163 000 印度尼西亚 128 000 安哥拉 113 000
    埃塞俄比亚 100 000 墨西哥 100 000 委内瑞拉 100 000 厄瓜多尔 81 000
    意大利 72 000 刚果 68 000 塞内加尔 65 000 伊拉克 60 000
    突尼斯 56 000 古巴 53 000 玻利维亚 41 000 阿尔及利亚 40 000
    尼日利亚 40 000 孟加拉国 39 000 肯尼亚 39 000 斯威士兰 33 000
    美国 32 500 伊朗 31 000 哥伦比亚 27 000 乌干达 25 000
    莫桑比克 25 000 布隆迪 25 000 马拉维 25 000 帕劳 21 000
    巴拉圭 21 000 土耳其 20 000 卢旺达 17 000 多哥 17 000
    哥斯达黎加 17 000 新西兰 15 000 危地马拉 13 000 津巴布韦 13 000
    所罗门群岛 12 000 尼加拉瓜 12 000 厄立特里亚 12 000 赞比亚 12 000
    尼泊尔 11 000 法国 10 000
      说明:中国主要分布在广西壮族自治区、广东省、福建省、云南省和其他地区,占比分别为45%、30%、6%、5%和14%;巴西主要分布在      米纳斯吉拉斯州、圣保罗州、巴伊亚州、南马托格罗索州和其他地区,占比分别为29%、23%、14%、13%和21%;印度主要分布     在卡纳塔克邦、西孟加拉邦、马哈拉施特拉邦、北方邦和其他地区,占比分别为40%、13%、10%、6%和31%
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-19
  • 录用日期:  2022-04-22
  • 修回日期:  2022-04-22
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-18

世界桉树林土壤微生物研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210701
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金资助项目(31760201,41807097);广西自然科学基金资助项目(2019GXNSFBA245096);广西科技计划项目(AD19245194)
    作者简介:

    韦菊娴(ORCID: 0000-0002-4645-840X),从事森林培育与地力维持研究。E-mail: 846644767@qq.com

    通信作者: 王聪(ORCID: 0000-0002-5641-9594),讲师,博士,从事土壤养分循环研究。E-mail: wangcuriel@foxmail.com
  • 中图分类号: S714.3

摘要: 土壤微生物主要通过参与养分元素循环和能量流动等过程来影响桉树生长发育,在提高土壤肥力和生产力方面扮演着重要角色。桉树作为世界三大速生树种之一,种类多,抗逆性强,适应性广。由于生态系统的复杂性和土壤微生物学研究技术手段的限制,桉树林土壤微生物多样性和功能的研究较少,当前对桉树林土壤微生物群落特征的研究大多处于初级阶段。本研究系统综述了不同经营方式、林分类型和林分年龄条件下桉树林土壤微生物群落特征的变化规律及研究进展。与桉树天然林相比,桉树人工林土壤微生物数量一般较少。与桉树人工纯林相比,桉树混交林能提高土壤微生物数量、多样性和活性。桉树林土壤微生物数量一般随林龄的增长而增加,而外生菌根真菌与内生菌根真菌多样性随林龄的增长而下降。分析了土壤微生物参与桉树林土壤养分元素循环和重金属污染修复的作用机制,并对桉树林土壤微生物研究和分析方法及其应用进行了展望。可为维持桉树林土壤健康、促进林业绿色可持续发展提供科学指导。表1参94

English Abstract

韦菊娴, 王聪, 何斌, 尤业明, 黄雪蔓. 世界桉树林土壤微生物研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210701
引用本文: 韦菊娴, 王聪, 何斌, 尤业明, 黄雪蔓. 世界桉树林土壤微生物研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210701
WEI Juxian, WANG Cong, HE Bin, YOU Yeming, HUANG Xueman. Research progress on soil microorganisms in eucalypt forests[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210701
Citation: WEI Juxian, WANG Cong, HE Bin, YOU Yeming, HUANG Xueman. Research progress on soil microorganisms in eucalypt forests[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210701

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