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十字花科植物蜡质形成特性及其分子机制研究进展

陆伟杰 郑伟尉 吴砚农 臧运祥

陆伟杰, 郑伟尉, 吴砚农, 臧运祥. 十字花科植物蜡质形成特性及其分子机制研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200138
引用本文: 陆伟杰, 郑伟尉, 吴砚农, 臧运祥. 十字花科植物蜡质形成特性及其分子机制研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200138
LU Weijie, ZHENG Weiwei, WU Yannong, ZANG Yunxiang. Research review on features and the molecular mechanism of wax formation in Brassicaceae[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200138
Citation: LU Weijie, ZHENG Weiwei, WU Yannong, ZANG Yunxiang. Research review on features and the molecular mechanism of wax formation in Brassicaceae[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200138

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十字花科植物蜡质形成特性及其分子机制研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200138
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31572130);浙江省自然科学基金资助项目(LY20C150001)
详细信息
    作者简介: 陆伟杰,从事蔬菜品质调控及其分子机理研究。E-mail: 1636519786@qq.com
    通信作者: 臧运祥,教授,博士,从事蔬菜品质调控及其分子机理研究。E-mail: yxzang@zafu.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: S718.3

Research review on features and the molecular mechanism of wax formation in Brassicaceae

  • 摘要: 十字花科Brassicaceae包含蔬菜、油料作物、药用植物、观赏植物和染料植物等,是一类1年生、2年生或多年生的植物,是中国最重要的蔬菜和油料作物之一。蜡质的主要成分是超长链脂肪酸及其衍生物,十字花科植物的蜡质是其适应外界环境变化而形成的保护结构,在维持水分平衡、反射紫外线、减少外来机械损伤、降低低温伤害、抵御细菌真菌入侵、防止果实开裂与昆虫侵食等抵抗生物与非生物胁迫中起着重要作用。对十字花科植物蜡质类型、生理功能、遗传特性、合成与转运途径等方面进行综述,可为十字花科植物的蜡质代谢研究提供参考。图2表2参61
  • 图  1  拟南芥蜡质生物合成途径[11]

    Figure  1  Wax biosynthesis pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana

    图  2  拟南芥蜡质转运途径[36]

    Figure  2  Wax transport pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana

    表  1  拟南芥参与蜡质生物合成的酶

    Table  1.   Enzymes involved in wax biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana

    序号缩略符基因参考文献
    1乙酰辅酶A羧化酶ACCACC1,ACC2[39]
    2酰基载体蛋白硫解酶FATFATAFATB[40]
    3长链酰基辅酶A合成酶LACSLACS1,LACS2,LACS4[41-44]
    4β-酮酰辅酶A合成酶KCSFAE1,CER6,KCS1,FDH[45-46]
    5β-酮酰辅酶A还原酶KCRKCR2[11]
    6β-羟酰-酰基辅酶A脱水酶HCDPAS1,PAS2[48-49]
    7反式烯酰辅酶A还原酶ECRCER10[47]
    8脂肪酰辅酶A还原酶FARCER4[50]
    9蜡酯合成酶WSWSD1[51]
    10脂肪酰辅酶A还原酶FARCER3[52]
    11醛脱羰酶ADCER1[53-54]
    12中链烷烃羟化酶MAHMAH1[55]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  拟南芥参与蜡质转运的蛋白

    Table  2.   Waxy transport proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana

    蛋白缩略符基因参考文献
    ABC转运蛋白ABCGABCG11,ABCG12[57-59]
    脂质运输蛋白LTPsLTPG1,LTPG2[60-61]
    下载: 导出CSV
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计量
  • 文章访问数:  15
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-01-16
  • 修回日期:  2020-09-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2020-11-06

十字花科植物蜡质形成特性及其分子机制研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200138
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金资助项目(31572130);浙江省自然科学基金资助项目(LY20C150001)
    作者简介:

    陆伟杰,从事蔬菜品质调控及其分子机理研究。E-mail: 1636519786@qq.com

    通信作者: 臧运祥,教授,博士,从事蔬菜品质调控及其分子机理研究。E-mail: yxzang@zafu.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: S718.3

摘要: 十字花科Brassicaceae包含蔬菜、油料作物、药用植物、观赏植物和染料植物等,是一类1年生、2年生或多年生的植物,是中国最重要的蔬菜和油料作物之一。蜡质的主要成分是超长链脂肪酸及其衍生物,十字花科植物的蜡质是其适应外界环境变化而形成的保护结构,在维持水分平衡、反射紫外线、减少外来机械损伤、降低低温伤害、抵御细菌真菌入侵、防止果实开裂与昆虫侵食等抵抗生物与非生物胁迫中起着重要作用。对十字花科植物蜡质类型、生理功能、遗传特性、合成与转运途径等方面进行综述,可为十字花科植物的蜡质代谢研究提供参考。图2表2参61

English Abstract

陆伟杰, 郑伟尉, 吴砚农, 臧运祥. 十字花科植物蜡质形成特性及其分子机制研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200138
引用本文: 陆伟杰, 郑伟尉, 吴砚农, 臧运祥. 十字花科植物蜡质形成特性及其分子机制研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200138
LU Weijie, ZHENG Weiwei, WU Yannong, ZANG Yunxiang. Research review on features and the molecular mechanism of wax formation in Brassicaceae[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200138
Citation: LU Weijie, ZHENG Weiwei, WU Yannong, ZANG Yunxiang. Research review on features and the molecular mechanism of wax formation in Brassicaceae[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200138

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