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油用牡丹‘凤丹’不同生育期矿质元素的动态变化

徐桠楠 宋程威 张利霞 郭丽丽 段祥光 刘曙光 侯小改

徐桠楠, 宋程威, 张利霞, 郭丽丽, 段祥光, 刘曙光, 侯小改. 油用牡丹‘凤丹’不同生育期矿质元素的动态变化[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200303
引用本文: 徐桠楠, 宋程威, 张利霞, 郭丽丽, 段祥光, 刘曙光, 侯小改. 油用牡丹‘凤丹’不同生育期矿质元素的动态变化[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200303
XU Ya’ nan, SONG Chengwei, ZHANG Lixia, GUO Lili, DUAN Xiangguang, LIU Shuguang, HOU Xiaogai. Dynamic analysis of mineral elements across the growth cycle of Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200303
Citation: XU Ya’ nan, SONG Chengwei, ZHANG Lixia, GUO Lili, DUAN Xiangguang, LIU Shuguang, HOU Xiaogai. Dynamic analysis of mineral elements across the growth cycle of Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200303

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油用牡丹‘凤丹’不同生育期矿质元素的动态变化

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200303
基金项目: 河南省高校重点科研项目(19A180002);国家自然科学基金资助项目(U1804233)
详细信息
    作者简介: 徐桠楠,从事牡丹生理生态研究。E-mail: 790170940@qq.com
    通信作者: 侯小改,教授,从事牡丹生理生态与分子生物学研究。E-mail: hkdhxg@haust.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: S685.11

Dynamic analysis of mineral elements across the growth cycle of Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’

  • 摘要:   目的  研究油用牡丹‘凤丹’Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’不同生育期矿质元素动态变化规律,为油用牡丹的科学施肥提供依据。  方法  以8年生油用牡丹‘凤丹’为材料,测定根、茎、叶以及不同发育时期果荚和种子的矿质元素,分析矿质元素积累分配特性以及矿质元素分配的相关性。  结果  生育期内油用牡丹‘凤丹’根、茎、叶中的磷持续下降,根和叶中的氮持续降低,钾和镁在不同器官内变化趋势不同。铁在不同器官内的质量分数均大于其他微量元素,除铜外,其他微量元素在根中呈先升高后降低的趋势。果荚和种子中的氮逐渐升高,果荚中钾和种子中磷呈先下降后升高再下降的趋势。矿质元素的变化表现出不同程度的相关性,其中氮、磷、钾、铁、锰与其他元素间相关性较高;同种矿质元素在‘凤丹’营养器官和生殖器官之间表现出不同程度的相关性。  结论  在生育期内,油用牡丹‘凤丹’从展叶期到现蕾期之前对氮、磷元素需求量大,应在植株展叶前追施氮肥和磷肥;结实期对氮、磷、钾需求量大,建议在开花后追施氮磷钾肥;在植株现蕾期前(3月上旬)追施铁肥,在5–7月种子发育期追施硼、锌肥,满足‘凤丹’植株对这3种微量元素的需求。表7参36
  • 表  1  不同时期油用牡丹‘凤丹’根矿质元素变化

    Table  1.   Elements change of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’ roots in different periods

    日期(月-日)氮/(mg·g−1)磷/(mg·g−1)钾/(mg·g−1)镁/(mg·g−1)铁/(mg·kg−1)锰/(mg·kg−1)锌/(mg·kg−1)铜/(mg·kg−1)硼/(mg·kg−1)
    02-2614.089.814.991.10122.8125.4619.1614.9942.45
    03-1212.799.543.901.47145.6246.5226.2112.1256.94
    03-2712.439.322.681.85167.4656.5234.7611.6564.47
    04-1111.228.893.281.65145.6561.4047.54 8.6556.47
    04-2810.368.723.331.36138.6152.7663.47 7.7934.98
    05-12 9.768.583.921.24113.7743.0052.18 9.5025.43
    06-0110.218.264.151.22 99.2136.8132.05 8.4521.91
    06-2910.257.855.021.23 82.9930.5534.67 8.9723.67
    07-1810.146.954.971.20 75.4431.8037.0810.7228.33
    08-0410.257.784.631.04 69.9621.0139.2611.5036.77
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同时期油用牡丹‘凤丹’茎矿质元素变化

    Table  2.   Elements change of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’ stems in different periods

    日期(月-日)氮/(mg·g−1)磷/(mg·g−1)钾/(mg·g−1)镁/(mg·g−1)铁/(mg·kg−1)锰/(mg·kg−1)锌/(mg·kg−1)铜/(mg·kg−1)硼/(mg·kg−1)
    02-26 9.957.7213.581.14125.9218.3117.4813.7425.80
    03-12 8.447.1113.271.09138.0517.9319.59 9.6226.70
    03-27 8.756.8311.981.13156.4716.4025.4710.2428.81
    04-11 8.766.3511.621.04176.4716.4029.49 9.2431.81
    04-28 8.346.2410.521.05172.3014.7831.58 9.7832.90
    05-12 8.756.08 9.251.37166.7817.2046.2310.3823.76
    06-01 8.725.56 9.011.42164.6813.5741.98 7.5823.57
    06-29 9.014.86 8.661.39148.3212.6045.72 8.0121.08
    07-1810.234.06 8.371.29142.8410.1152.22 9.7620.16
    08-0410.945.74 8.321.18182.3215.1550.4012.1020.20
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同时期油用牡丹‘凤丹’叶片矿质元素变化

    Table  3.   Elements change of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’ leaves in different periods

    日期(月-日)氮/(mg·g−1)磷/(mg·g−1)钾/(mg·g−1)镁/(mg·g−1)铁/((mg·kg−1)锰/(mg·kg−1)锌/(mg·kg−1)铜/(mg·kg−1)硼/(mg·kg−1)
    03-1235.848.75 9.942.24117.8012.5036.80 3.8023.60
    03-2731.458.24 9.032.50125.2017.0039.2014.1032.50
    04-1124.527.52 8.633.24134.9125.0247.05 9.9640.03
    04-2821.596.8210.173.50148.7320.1756.0810.0932.91
    05-1218.296.46 9.814.46159.4219.6153.48 9.8131.93
    06-0117.596.38 9.623.78142.5716.6548.24 8.2641.40
    06-2915.936.12 9.473.92135.43 9.6443.94 7.2144.58
    07-1814.966.05 9.164.69132.8510.0341.4810.0348.44
    08-0414.676.35 9.025.51147.0210.0145.0110.0155.04
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  油用牡丹‘凤丹’根、茎、叶中9种元素的相关性

    Table  4.   Correlation among 9 elements of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’ roots, stems and leaves

    元素
    1
    0.810**1
    −0.090−0.4671
    0.2810.443−0.860**1
    0.0750.419−0.910**0.888**1
    0.5700.824**−0.831**0.831**0.833**1
    −0.651*−0.249−0.4560.1450.4710.0961
    0.796**0.4340.310−0.145−0.4160.081−0.745*1
    0.686*0.662*−0.6250.772**0.5800.786**−0.1840.3941
    元素
    1
    −0.2781
    −0.3350.887**1
    0.097−0.607−0.683*1
    −0.2670.943**0.766**−0.4991
    −0.051−0.207−0.478−0.065−0.0751
    0.421−0.887**−0.983**0.680*−0.735*0.4221
    0.5870.5260.386−0.4070.505−0.232−0.3031
    −0.652*0.5880.625−0.739*0.4820.199−0.694*−0.0271
    元素
    1
    −0.3311
    −0.8030.0031
    −0.265−0.858**−0.1761
    0.0810.276−0.046−0.3591
    −0.658−0.682*0.2310.674*0.2701
    0.574−0.4970.3710.3490.5470.885**1
    −0.700−0.112−0.4710.1600.3250.2500.2021
    0.433−0.730*−0.5560.811**−0.4300.2710.0160.2331
      说明:*表示在0.05水平上显著相关,**表示在0.01水平上极显著相关
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同时期油用牡丹‘凤丹’果荚矿质元素变化

    Table  5.   Elements change of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’ pods in different periods

    日期(月-日)氮/(mg·g−1)磷/(mg·g−1)钾/(mg·g−1)镁/(mg·g−1)铁/(mg·kg−1)锰/(mg·kg−1)锌/(mg·kg−1)铜/(mg·kg−1)硼/(mg·kg−1)
    04-2814.819.1213.122.5346.8614.6739.1313.0126.05
    05-1212.717.40 9.912.2615.85 9.6638.93 9.6619.30
    06-0116.668.7313.752.0817.07 4.9512.3212.3227.17
    06-2920.708.6517.572.72 8.8926.7633.4710.0533.53
    07-1828.368.5524.242.6213.7133.7933.92 6.7830.43
    08-0430.448.0821.093.6323.7010.3015.4610.3041.22
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  不同时期油用牡丹‘凤丹’种子矿质元素变化

    Table  6.   Elements change of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’ seeds in different periods

    日期(月-日)氮/(mg·g−1)磷/(mg·g−1)钾/(mg·g−1)镁/(mg·g−1)铁/(mg·kg−1)锰/(mg·kg−1)锌/(mg·kg−1)铜/(mg·kg−1)硼/(mg·kg−1)
    04-2825.9723.6020.231.9320.4630.0934.0328.8721.02
    05-1227.8714.9512.231.4630.8514.4419.6022.44 9.66
    06-0130.6315.11 9.251.4029.3712.7825.7017.9710.25
    06-2931.9518.61 8.311.5017.7826.7329.1617.0112.15
    07-1833.9718.70 8.011.5522.4340.7140.7416.2711.38
    08-0438.3716.83 7.561.6310.4619.0138.0219.0128.52
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  油用牡丹‘凤丹’不同器官间矿质元素的相关性

    Table  7.   Correlation of elements in different organs of P. ostii ‘Feng Dan’

    器官果荚种子器官果荚种子
    11
    −0.02910.2871
    0.952**−0.57910.826**0.4931
    果荚0.3310.951**−0.821*1果荚−0.878*−0.657−0.898*1
    种子0.1970.942**−0.907*0.931**1种子−0.622−0.851*−0.861*0.843*1
    器官果荚种子器官果荚种子
    11
    0.971**10.3241
    0.876**0.845**10.869**0.2671
    果荚−0.053−0.1900.1621果荚−0.4030.052−0.2111
    种子−0.845*−0.701−0.755−0.0021种子−0.7730.815*−0.871*−0.1801
    器官果荚种子器官果荚种子
    11
    −0.36210.792**1
    0.0230.0781−0.0370.3611
    果荚0.769−0.691−0.838*1果荚−0.706−0.235−0.1711
    种子−0.888*0.981**0.888*−0.5851种子−0.5410.2370.4640.6171
    器官果荚种子器官果荚种子
    11
    −0.48010.5981
    −0.828**0.4591−0.449−0.6121
    果荚−0.721−0.4590.7461果荚0.142−0.841*0.944**1
    种子0.384−0.963**−0.1820.2971种子0.415−0.6560.874*0.943**1
    器官果荚种子
    1
    −0.0601
    −0.3750.672*1
    果荚0.1770.7500.2471
    种子0.862*−0.1220.403−0.3031
      说明:*表示在0.05水平上显著相关,**表示在0.01水平上极显著相关
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-05-04
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油用牡丹‘凤丹’不同生育期矿质元素的动态变化

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200303
    基金项目:  河南省高校重点科研项目(19A180002);国家自然科学基金资助项目(U1804233)
    作者简介:

    徐桠楠,从事牡丹生理生态研究。E-mail: 790170940@qq.com

    通信作者: 侯小改,教授,从事牡丹生理生态与分子生物学研究。E-mail: hkdhxg@haust.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: S685.11

摘要:   目的  研究油用牡丹‘凤丹’Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’不同生育期矿质元素动态变化规律,为油用牡丹的科学施肥提供依据。  方法  以8年生油用牡丹‘凤丹’为材料,测定根、茎、叶以及不同发育时期果荚和种子的矿质元素,分析矿质元素积累分配特性以及矿质元素分配的相关性。  结果  生育期内油用牡丹‘凤丹’根、茎、叶中的磷持续下降,根和叶中的氮持续降低,钾和镁在不同器官内变化趋势不同。铁在不同器官内的质量分数均大于其他微量元素,除铜外,其他微量元素在根中呈先升高后降低的趋势。果荚和种子中的氮逐渐升高,果荚中钾和种子中磷呈先下降后升高再下降的趋势。矿质元素的变化表现出不同程度的相关性,其中氮、磷、钾、铁、锰与其他元素间相关性较高;同种矿质元素在‘凤丹’营养器官和生殖器官之间表现出不同程度的相关性。  结论  在生育期内,油用牡丹‘凤丹’从展叶期到现蕾期之前对氮、磷元素需求量大,应在植株展叶前追施氮肥和磷肥;结实期对氮、磷、钾需求量大,建议在开花后追施氮磷钾肥;在植株现蕾期前(3月上旬)追施铁肥,在5–7月种子发育期追施硼、锌肥,满足‘凤丹’植株对这3种微量元素的需求。表7参36

English Abstract

徐桠楠, 宋程威, 张利霞, 郭丽丽, 段祥光, 刘曙光, 侯小改. 油用牡丹‘凤丹’不同生育期矿质元素的动态变化[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200303
引用本文: 徐桠楠, 宋程威, 张利霞, 郭丽丽, 段祥光, 刘曙光, 侯小改. 油用牡丹‘凤丹’不同生育期矿质元素的动态变化[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200303
XU Ya’ nan, SONG Chengwei, ZHANG Lixia, GUO Lili, DUAN Xiangguang, LIU Shuguang, HOU Xiaogai. Dynamic analysis of mineral elements across the growth cycle of Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200303
Citation: XU Ya’ nan, SONG Chengwei, ZHANG Lixia, GUO Lili, DUAN Xiangguang, LIU Shuguang, HOU Xiaogai. Dynamic analysis of mineral elements across the growth cycle of Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200303

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