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生物质炭输入影响土壤氮素转化与氧化亚氮排放的研究进展

屈田华 李永夫 张少博 郦琳琳 李永春 刘娟

屈田华, 李永夫, 张少博, 郦琳琳, 李永春, 刘娟. 生物质炭输入影响土壤氮素转化与氧化亚氮排放的研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200549
引用本文: 屈田华, 李永夫, 张少博, 郦琳琳, 李永春, 刘娟. 生物质炭输入影响土壤氮素转化与氧化亚氮排放的研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200549
QU Tianhua, LI Yongfu, ZHANG Shaobo, LI Linlin, LI Yongchun, LIU Juan. Effects of biochar application on soil nitrogen transformation and N2O emissions: a review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200549
Citation: QU Tianhua, LI Yongfu, ZHANG Shaobo, LI Linlin, LI Yongchun, LIU Juan. Effects of biochar application on soil nitrogen transformation and N2O emissions: a review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200549

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生物质炭输入影响土壤氮素转化与氧化亚氮排放的研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200549
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31870599);浙江省杰出青年科学基金资助项目(LR18C160001)
详细信息
    作者简介: 屈田华,从事生物质炭对土壤氮素转化研究。E-mail: qutianhuazafu@163.com
    通信作者: 李永夫,教授,从事森林土壤碳氮循环研究。E-mail: yongfuli@zafu.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: S156.2

Effects of biochar application on soil nitrogen transformation and N2O emissions: a review

  • 摘要: 全球气候变暖的持续性和不确定性显著影响人类社会的可持续发展。大气氧化亚氮(N2O)的持续增加是导致全球气候变暖的主要原因之一。土壤是氮素转化的重要场所和氮循环生物化学反应库,也是N2O的重要排放源,土壤N2O排放速率的变化会显著影响大气N2O含量。生物质炭是指生物质在完全或部分缺氧的情况下经热裂解制备而成的芳香类化学物质,具有多孔性、强吸附性、化学稳定性、高pH和较大阳离子交换量等特性。生物质炭施入土壤后,会直接或间接影响土壤氮素的转化,并对土壤N2O排放产生显著影响。本研究综述了生物质炭输入对土壤生态系统氮素转化与N2O排放的研究进展,分别阐述了生物质炭输入对土壤无机氮动态变化、硝化作用、反硝化作用以及N2O排放的影响,并从生物质炭吸附和减少氮素淋滤、影响土壤理化性质、土壤氨氧化菌的丰度和多样性以及反硝化菌功能基因等方面具体分析了影响上述过程的作用机制。在此基础上,对今后生物质炭在土壤增汇减排以及缓解温室效应方面的进一步理论研究和相关技术推广进行了展望。参109
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-09-01
  • 修回日期:  2020-09-27

生物质炭输入影响土壤氮素转化与氧化亚氮排放的研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200549
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金资助项目(31870599);浙江省杰出青年科学基金资助项目(LR18C160001)
    作者简介:

    屈田华,从事生物质炭对土壤氮素转化研究。E-mail: qutianhuazafu@163.com

    通信作者: 李永夫,教授,从事森林土壤碳氮循环研究。E-mail: yongfuli@zafu.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: S156.2

摘要: 全球气候变暖的持续性和不确定性显著影响人类社会的可持续发展。大气氧化亚氮(N2O)的持续增加是导致全球气候变暖的主要原因之一。土壤是氮素转化的重要场所和氮循环生物化学反应库,也是N2O的重要排放源,土壤N2O排放速率的变化会显著影响大气N2O含量。生物质炭是指生物质在完全或部分缺氧的情况下经热裂解制备而成的芳香类化学物质,具有多孔性、强吸附性、化学稳定性、高pH和较大阳离子交换量等特性。生物质炭施入土壤后,会直接或间接影响土壤氮素的转化,并对土壤N2O排放产生显著影响。本研究综述了生物质炭输入对土壤生态系统氮素转化与N2O排放的研究进展,分别阐述了生物质炭输入对土壤无机氮动态变化、硝化作用、反硝化作用以及N2O排放的影响,并从生物质炭吸附和减少氮素淋滤、影响土壤理化性质、土壤氨氧化菌的丰度和多样性以及反硝化菌功能基因等方面具体分析了影响上述过程的作用机制。在此基础上,对今后生物质炭在土壤增汇减排以及缓解温室效应方面的进一步理论研究和相关技术推广进行了展望。参109

English Abstract

屈田华, 李永夫, 张少博, 郦琳琳, 李永春, 刘娟. 生物质炭输入影响土壤氮素转化与氧化亚氮排放的研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200549
引用本文: 屈田华, 李永夫, 张少博, 郦琳琳, 李永春, 刘娟. 生物质炭输入影响土壤氮素转化与氧化亚氮排放的研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200549
QU Tianhua, LI Yongfu, ZHANG Shaobo, LI Linlin, LI Yongchun, LIU Juan. Effects of biochar application on soil nitrogen transformation and N2O emissions: a review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200549
Citation: QU Tianhua, LI Yongfu, ZHANG Shaobo, LI Linlin, LI Yongchun, LIU Juan. Effects of biochar application on soil nitrogen transformation and N2O emissions: a review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20200549

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