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植物体细胞胚胎发生及其分子调控机制研究进展

王诗忆 黄奕孜 李舟阳 黄华宏 林二培

王诗忆, 黄奕孜, 李舟阳, 黄华宏, 林二培. 植物体细胞胚胎发生及其分子调控机制研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210141
引用本文: 王诗忆, 黄奕孜, 李舟阳, 黄华宏, 林二培. 植物体细胞胚胎发生及其分子调控机制研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210141
WANG Shiyi, HUANG Yizi, LI Zhouyang, HUANG Huahong, LIN Erpei. Research progress in plant somatic embryogenesis and its molecular regulation mechanism[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210141
Citation: WANG Shiyi, HUANG Yizi, LI Zhouyang, HUANG Huahong, LIN Erpei. Research progress in plant somatic embryogenesis and its molecular regulation mechanism[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210141

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植物体细胞胚胎发生及其分子调控机制研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210141
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31770641)
详细信息
    作者简介: 王诗忆(ORCID: 0000-0002-1118-2765),从事林木遗传育种研究。E-mail: 515926702@qq.com
    通信作者: 林二培(ORCID: 0000-0001-7578-2869),副教授,博士,从事林木遗传育种研究。E-mail: zjulep@hotmail.com
  • 中图分类号: S718.3

Research progress in plant somatic embryogenesis and its molecular regulation mechanism

  • 摘要: 植物的每个细胞都包含着该物种的全部遗传信息,具备发育成完整植株的遗传能力,这被称为植物细胞的全能性。体细胞胚胎(体胚)发生是指在没有受精的情况下,由体细胞或营养细胞发育成胚胎,是诱导植物细胞全能性的一种形式。体胚发生在种质资源保存、种苗生产、分子育种和植物基础研究等方面都有着广泛的应用,已成为重要的植物生物技术工具和研究平台。多年来的分子遗传学研究表明:体胚发生受到由众多转录因子、激素信号途径及表观遗传修饰等构成的复杂网络的调控。本研究概述了植物体胚发生的途径,并重点综述了体胚发生关键基因的功能与调控机制、体胚发生的表观遗传修饰以及体胚发生关键基因在基因工程中的应用。随着研究的深入和新技术的出现,体胚发生过程中涉及的代谢组分动态变化、转录调控、激素信号转导与表观遗传调控等复杂生物学过程有望得到更深入地阐释,将更进一步地解析植物体胚发生的分子调控机制。此外,利用体胚发生关键基因的功能与调控机制,开发更高效的体胚诱导和遗传转化方法,有望为更多植物的基因功能研究和遗传改良提供新的思路和技术。参81
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-01-25
  • 修回日期:  2021-09-24

植物体细胞胚胎发生及其分子调控机制研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210141
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金资助项目(31770641)
    作者简介:

    王诗忆(ORCID: 0000-0002-1118-2765),从事林木遗传育种研究。E-mail: 515926702@qq.com

    通信作者: 林二培(ORCID: 0000-0001-7578-2869),副教授,博士,从事林木遗传育种研究。E-mail: zjulep@hotmail.com
  • 中图分类号: S718.3

摘要: 植物的每个细胞都包含着该物种的全部遗传信息,具备发育成完整植株的遗传能力,这被称为植物细胞的全能性。体细胞胚胎(体胚)发生是指在没有受精的情况下,由体细胞或营养细胞发育成胚胎,是诱导植物细胞全能性的一种形式。体胚发生在种质资源保存、种苗生产、分子育种和植物基础研究等方面都有着广泛的应用,已成为重要的植物生物技术工具和研究平台。多年来的分子遗传学研究表明:体胚发生受到由众多转录因子、激素信号途径及表观遗传修饰等构成的复杂网络的调控。本研究概述了植物体胚发生的途径,并重点综述了体胚发生关键基因的功能与调控机制、体胚发生的表观遗传修饰以及体胚发生关键基因在基因工程中的应用。随着研究的深入和新技术的出现,体胚发生过程中涉及的代谢组分动态变化、转录调控、激素信号转导与表观遗传调控等复杂生物学过程有望得到更深入地阐释,将更进一步地解析植物体胚发生的分子调控机制。此外,利用体胚发生关键基因的功能与调控机制,开发更高效的体胚诱导和遗传转化方法,有望为更多植物的基因功能研究和遗传改良提供新的思路和技术。参81

English Abstract

王诗忆, 黄奕孜, 李舟阳, 黄华宏, 林二培. 植物体细胞胚胎发生及其分子调控机制研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210141
引用本文: 王诗忆, 黄奕孜, 李舟阳, 黄华宏, 林二培. 植物体细胞胚胎发生及其分子调控机制研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210141
WANG Shiyi, HUANG Yizi, LI Zhouyang, HUANG Huahong, LIN Erpei. Research progress in plant somatic embryogenesis and its molecular regulation mechanism[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210141
Citation: WANG Shiyi, HUANG Yizi, LI Zhouyang, HUANG Huahong, LIN Erpei. Research progress in plant somatic embryogenesis and its molecular regulation mechanism[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210141

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