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采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究进展

朱文见 张慧 王懿祥

朱文见, 张慧, 王懿祥. 采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210365
引用本文: 朱文见, 张慧, 王懿祥. 采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210365
ZHU Wenjian, ZHANG Hui, WANG Yixiang. Research progress on effects of cutting on forest soil respiration[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210365
Citation: ZHU Wenjian, ZHANG Hui, WANG Yixiang. Research progress on effects of cutting on forest soil respiration[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210365

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采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210365
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31770681)
详细信息
    作者简介: 朱文见(ORCID: 0000-0001-6825-7169),从事森林固碳增汇与减排研究。E-mail: 526259664@qq.com
    通信作者: 王懿祥(ORCID: 0000-0003-0642-195X),教授,博士,从事森林固碳增汇经营和森林生态学研究。E-mail: 391037046@qq.com
  • 中图分类号: S714

Research progress on effects of cutting on forest soil respiration

  • 摘要: 土壤呼吸是大气二氧化碳(CO2)重要的来源,采伐作为森林经营的常规活动之一,是影响森林土壤呼吸的重要人为干扰措施。开展有关采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究对更好地理解森林碳循环和应对全球气候变化具有重要的科学意义和应用价值。本研究将采伐分为2类:皆伐和部分采伐(择伐、渐伐、间伐和更新采伐等)。分别综述了皆伐和部分采伐对土壤呼吸影响的代表性研究成果,讨论了皆伐和部分采伐对土壤呼吸的主要影响机制,总结了当前采伐对森林土壤呼吸及其组分与土壤温度敏感性(Q10)的影响并对未来研究提出展望。目前采伐对土壤呼吸的研究主要集中于:①采伐强度对土壤呼吸影响的方向和幅度;②皆伐或部分采伐后土壤呼吸随时间变化的动态特征及受土壤温度等环境因子的影响;③皆伐或部分采伐对土壤呼吸组分的影响;④皆伐或部分采伐对Q10的影响;⑤皆伐或部分采伐对土壤呼吸的影响机制。主要结论为:①因采伐强度、采伐措施、采伐剩余物的处理、气候类型、森林类型和植被恢复时间的不同,采伐的影响效果呈现不同的变化规律;②采伐往往导致土壤自养呼吸减少,异养呼吸增加,土壤总呼吸表现为两者相抵的程度,这种影响会随植被恢复程度的提高而减小;③采伐后短期内Q10有不同的变化规律,长期往往会下降。未来关于采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究应集中于土壤呼吸组分及其温度敏感性对采伐的响应,同时应结合不同强度采伐、不同植被恢复阶段、其他营林措施和大气CO2浓度上升等全球变化因子,探讨采伐对区域土壤呼吸及组分的影响,更好地理解采伐对森林生态系统碳循环的影响机制。表2参89
  • 表  1  土壤呼吸及其组分对皆伐的响应

    Table  1.   Response of soil respiration and its components to clear cutting

    地点气候带皆伐更新
    方式
    剩余物
    处理方式
    伐后时
    间/a
    观察时间森林类型总呼吸/
    %
    自养呼吸/
    %
    异养呼吸/
    %
    Q10/%参考文献
    中国福建省 亚热带 1 5 cm以上收集,
    以下归堆清理
    5~6 整年 杉阔混交林 −37 −48 −34 −17 [37]
    中国黑龙江省 温带  1 1 生长季 白桦沼泽 −6 [58]
    中国吉林省 温带  1 主干移除
    枝叶未清
    12~13 生长季 阔叶红松林 −25 −35 [72]
    美国加利福尼亚州 温带  1 1~2 整年 云杉林 −29 [38]
    中国甘肃省 暖温带 1 1 4个月后整年 锐齿栎 5 [21]
    俄罗斯莫斯科州 温带  1 凋落物保留
    剩余物保留
    1~2 生长季 云杉林 50
    50
    [23]
    芬兰 温带  1 保留 1 整年 挪威云杉 −16 16
    17
    25
    [22]
    2 整年 29
    3 整年 52
    美国密苏里州 热带  主干移除 2~4 整年 栎-山核桃林 −18 [73]
    全移除 −17
    芬兰 温带  1 全部移除 1 整年 苏格兰松 23 [64]
    2 整年 −16
    3 整年 −20
    加拿大魁北克省 寒带  1 6~7 整年 黑云杉 16 [74]
    2 9
    加拿大新斯科舍省 温带  3 3~4 整年 混合杉木林 −1 [43]
    中国浙江省 亚热带 1 25~26 整年 杉木林 17 −15 [75]
    瑞典乌普萨拉省 温带  4 树干树桩收获
    树冠枝条保留
    21~22 整年 苏格兰松
    挪威云杉
    −10 [65]
    五大湖流域 温带  1 生长季 糖枫 −7 [57]
    日本 温带  4 保留竹类 1~3 整年 寒温带针阔
    混交林
    17 [76]
    日本 温带  4 保留竹类 1~10 整年 寒温带针阔
    混交林
    61 [77]
    马来西亚 热带  1 树干收获,
    其余保留
    1~2 5个月 重红婆罗双林
    龙脑香林
    不变
    不变
    [44]
    韩国 温带  4 1 整年 红松林 41 [78]
    中国浙江省 亚热带 1 移除 1 整年 杉木林 −15 −20 [79]
    5 火烧 −27 −27
    中国浙江省 亚热带 1 保留 2 整年 杉木林 13 −10 [79]
    1 保留且翻土 32 −11
    中国浙江省 亚热带 1 保留 3 整年 杉木林 16 −10 [79]
    1 保留且翻土 30 −12
    英国英格兰 温带  1 1 整年 云杉 −22 [80]
    2 −42
    3 −30
    4 −10
    马来西亚 热带  1 1~9 隔4周测2周 阔叶混交林 13 [81]
    日本 亚热带 1 清除 2 每年5−10月 天然混交林 16 14 [82]
    3 11 33
    4 20 48
    5 5 57
    6 5 67
    7 20 29
    8 4 38
      说明:皆伐更新方式中1表示皆伐后自然恢复,2表示皆伐后翻土,3表示皆伐后喷洒除草剂,4表示皆伐后人工种植,5表示皆伐后火烧。     栎Quercus spp,山核桃Carya spp.,黑云杉Picea mariana,重红婆罗双Shorea spp.,龙脑香Dipterocarpus spp.,红松      Pinus koraiensis。空白表示无此项观测记录
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  土壤呼吸及其组分对部分采伐的响应

    Table  2.   Response of soil respiration and its components to partial cutting

    地点气候带部分采伐
    强度/%
    剩余物
    处理方式
    伐后时
    间/a
    观察时间森林类型总呼吸/
    %
    自养呼吸/
    %
    异养呼吸/
    %
    Q10/%参考文献
    中国湖北省 亚热带 除灌 清理 1 整年 马尾松林 −17 −17 −18 [56]
    15 移除树干 −14 11
    70 移除树干 17 11 22
    中国山西省 温带  20 清除 1 生长季 油松人工林 −4 18 −6 6 [69]
    30 23 64 19 −30
    40 52 290 30 −13
    中国湖北省 亚热带 24 1 生长季 毛竹林 −16 28 −29 9 [56]
    中国福建省 亚热带 35 5 cm以上收集,
    以下归堆
    5~6 整年 杉阔混交林 15 14 15 52 [37]
    49 16 13 17 34
    68 −10 −5 −12 −1
    中国黑龙江省 温带  45 1 生长季 白桦沼泽 −15 [58]
    中国陕西省 温带  15 清除采伐剩余物 3~4 生长季 华北落叶松 −5 47 [84]
    35 16 3
    50 −3 15
    中国陕西 温带  12 1~4 生长季 华北落叶松 [28]
    32 17
    47
    斯洛文尼亚 温带  50
    100
    1~3 生长季 山毛榉林 47
    69
    [85]
    中国黑龙江省 温带  20 堆腐 1~4 生长季 针阔混交林 23 [59]
    39 22
    52 24
    62 27
    71 22
    挪威 寒带  41 32~33 夏季 挪威云杉 13 [86]
    55 17
    加拿大安大略省 温带  50 2 生长季 耐寒阔叶林 54 [57]
    爱尔兰 温带  42 1~2 整年 云杉 13 [87]
    日本 亚热带 50 2~4 整年 日本雪松林 46 [88]
    加拿大安大略省 温带  28 1 生长季 杉阔混交林 17 −25 [50]
    2 18 −6
    3 16 19
    中国湖北省 亚热带 23 手工除草为对照
    除草剂除草为处理
    1 整年 毛竹林 −7 20 −13 3 [83]
    斯洛文尼亚 温带  50 1~3 生长季 云杉林/冷杉林 26 [85]
    100 48
    中国湖北省 亚热带 15 清除 1~3 全年 马尾松林 29 14 39 [89]
    70 42 19 59
      说明:日本雪松Cryptomeria japonica。空白表示无此项观测记录;“−”表示减少
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-11
  • 修回日期:  2021-06-18

采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210365
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金资助项目(31770681)
    作者简介:

    朱文见(ORCID: 0000-0001-6825-7169),从事森林固碳增汇与减排研究。E-mail: 526259664@qq.com

    通信作者: 王懿祥(ORCID: 0000-0003-0642-195X),教授,博士,从事森林固碳增汇经营和森林生态学研究。E-mail: 391037046@qq.com
  • 中图分类号: S714

摘要: 土壤呼吸是大气二氧化碳(CO2)重要的来源,采伐作为森林经营的常规活动之一,是影响森林土壤呼吸的重要人为干扰措施。开展有关采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究对更好地理解森林碳循环和应对全球气候变化具有重要的科学意义和应用价值。本研究将采伐分为2类:皆伐和部分采伐(择伐、渐伐、间伐和更新采伐等)。分别综述了皆伐和部分采伐对土壤呼吸影响的代表性研究成果,讨论了皆伐和部分采伐对土壤呼吸的主要影响机制,总结了当前采伐对森林土壤呼吸及其组分与土壤温度敏感性(Q10)的影响并对未来研究提出展望。目前采伐对土壤呼吸的研究主要集中于:①采伐强度对土壤呼吸影响的方向和幅度;②皆伐或部分采伐后土壤呼吸随时间变化的动态特征及受土壤温度等环境因子的影响;③皆伐或部分采伐对土壤呼吸组分的影响;④皆伐或部分采伐对Q10的影响;⑤皆伐或部分采伐对土壤呼吸的影响机制。主要结论为:①因采伐强度、采伐措施、采伐剩余物的处理、气候类型、森林类型和植被恢复时间的不同,采伐的影响效果呈现不同的变化规律;②采伐往往导致土壤自养呼吸减少,异养呼吸增加,土壤总呼吸表现为两者相抵的程度,这种影响会随植被恢复程度的提高而减小;③采伐后短期内Q10有不同的变化规律,长期往往会下降。未来关于采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究应集中于土壤呼吸组分及其温度敏感性对采伐的响应,同时应结合不同强度采伐、不同植被恢复阶段、其他营林措施和大气CO2浓度上升等全球变化因子,探讨采伐对区域土壤呼吸及组分的影响,更好地理解采伐对森林生态系统碳循环的影响机制。表2参89

English Abstract

朱文见, 张慧, 王懿祥. 采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210365
引用本文: 朱文见, 张慧, 王懿祥. 采伐对森林土壤呼吸影响的研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210365
ZHU Wenjian, ZHANG Hui, WANG Yixiang. Research progress on effects of cutting on forest soil respiration[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210365
Citation: ZHU Wenjian, ZHANG Hui, WANG Yixiang. Research progress on effects of cutting on forest soil respiration[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210365

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