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不同类型菌根对土壤碳循环的影响差异研究进展

金文豪 邵帅 陈俊辉 秦华

金文豪, 邵帅, 陈俊辉, 秦华. 不同类型菌根对土壤碳循环的影响差异研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210531
引用本文: 金文豪, 邵帅, 陈俊辉, 秦华. 不同类型菌根对土壤碳循环的影响差异研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210531
JIN Wenhao, SHAO Shuai, CHEN Junhui, QIN Hua. Research progress in the impact of different mycorrhizal types on soil carbon cycling[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210531
Citation: JIN Wenhao, SHAO Shuai, CHEN Junhui, QIN Hua. Research progress in the impact of different mycorrhizal types on soil carbon cycling[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210531

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不同类型菌根对土壤碳循环的影响差异研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210531
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31971631)
详细信息
    作者简介: 金文豪(ORCID: 0000-0003-2453-4958),博士研究生,从事土壤生物与生态功能调控研究。E-mail: WenhaoJin24@163.com
    通信作者: 秦华(ORCID: 0000-0002-8485-6345),教授,博士生导师,从事土壤微生物生态及其功能研究。E-mail: qinhua@zafu.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: S153,S154.3

Research progress in the impact of different mycorrhizal types on soil carbon cycling

  • 摘要: 菌根是陆地生态系统植物与土壤间物质相互转移的桥梁,通过影响凋落物分解、土壤团聚作用、根系分泌物等作用于土壤碳循环过程。不同类型菌根存在生理功能差异,其中外生菌根(ectomycorrhiza, ECM)和丛枝菌根(arbuscular mycorrhiza, AM)是目前已知分布最广泛的菌根类型。已有研究表明:不同类型菌根通过宿主光合产物的分配影响土壤有机碳输入;通过代谢产物及缠绕作用的差异影响土壤有机碳稳定;通过调控凋落物分解特征及菌根真菌和微生物相互作用影响土壤有机碳矿化过程。为了深入了解ECM和AM影响土壤碳循环过程及其关键调控因素,本研究主要从4个方面综述了不同类型菌根对土壤碳循环的影响并深入探讨其中的影响机制:不同菌根宿主向菌根提供碳源和凋落物数量等光合产物分配过程差异;不同菌根的碳汇功能及对土壤团聚体形成的影响;不同优势菌根生态系统中凋落物分解、激发效应、土壤呼吸等土壤有机碳矿化过程差异;不同优势菌根生态系统中土壤有机碳积累能力及相应的微生物群落差异。最后展望了今后的研究方向,旨在为“碳中和”背景下如何依托菌根提升生态系统碳汇功能提供理论依据。图2参94
  • 图  1  不同类型菌根介导的微生物群落差异

    Figure  1  Differences in microbial communities mediated by different types of mycorrhiza

    图  2  不同类型菌根真菌介导的土壤碳循环的差异

    Figure  2  Differences in soil carbon cycling mediated by different types of mycorrhizal fungi

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-29
  • 修回日期:  2021-08-18

不同类型菌根对土壤碳循环的影响差异研究进展

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210531
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金资助项目(31971631)
    作者简介:

    金文豪(ORCID: 0000-0003-2453-4958),博士研究生,从事土壤生物与生态功能调控研究。E-mail: WenhaoJin24@163.com

    通信作者: 秦华(ORCID: 0000-0002-8485-6345),教授,博士生导师,从事土壤微生物生态及其功能研究。E-mail: qinhua@zafu.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: S153,S154.3

摘要: 菌根是陆地生态系统植物与土壤间物质相互转移的桥梁,通过影响凋落物分解、土壤团聚作用、根系分泌物等作用于土壤碳循环过程。不同类型菌根存在生理功能差异,其中外生菌根(ectomycorrhiza, ECM)和丛枝菌根(arbuscular mycorrhiza, AM)是目前已知分布最广泛的菌根类型。已有研究表明:不同类型菌根通过宿主光合产物的分配影响土壤有机碳输入;通过代谢产物及缠绕作用的差异影响土壤有机碳稳定;通过调控凋落物分解特征及菌根真菌和微生物相互作用影响土壤有机碳矿化过程。为了深入了解ECM和AM影响土壤碳循环过程及其关键调控因素,本研究主要从4个方面综述了不同类型菌根对土壤碳循环的影响并深入探讨其中的影响机制:不同菌根宿主向菌根提供碳源和凋落物数量等光合产物分配过程差异;不同菌根的碳汇功能及对土壤团聚体形成的影响;不同优势菌根生态系统中凋落物分解、激发效应、土壤呼吸等土壤有机碳矿化过程差异;不同优势菌根生态系统中土壤有机碳积累能力及相应的微生物群落差异。最后展望了今后的研究方向,旨在为“碳中和”背景下如何依托菌根提升生态系统碳汇功能提供理论依据。图2参94

English Abstract

金文豪, 邵帅, 陈俊辉, 秦华. 不同类型菌根对土壤碳循环的影响差异研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210531
引用本文: 金文豪, 邵帅, 陈俊辉, 秦华. 不同类型菌根对土壤碳循环的影响差异研究进展[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210531
JIN Wenhao, SHAO Shuai, CHEN Junhui, QIN Hua. Research progress in the impact of different mycorrhizal types on soil carbon cycling[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210531
Citation: JIN Wenhao, SHAO Shuai, CHEN Junhui, QIN Hua. Research progress in the impact of different mycorrhizal types on soil carbon cycling[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210531

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