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小龙虾壳炭和细叶榕枝条炭对土壤养分及镉和铅生物有效性的影响

顾绍茹 杨兴 陈翰博 杨冰霜 戴志楠 陈俊辉 方铮 王海龙

顾绍茹, 杨兴, 陈翰博, 杨冰霜, 戴志楠, 陈俊辉, 方铮, 王海龙. 小龙虾壳炭和细叶榕枝条炭对土壤养分及镉和铅生物有效性的影响[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20220182
引用本文: 顾绍茹, 杨兴, 陈翰博, 杨冰霜, 戴志楠, 陈俊辉, 方铮, 王海龙. 小龙虾壳炭和细叶榕枝条炭对土壤养分及镉和铅生物有效性的影响[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20220182
GU Shaoru, YANG Xing, CHEN Hanbo, YANG Bingshuang, DAI Zhinan, CHEN Junhui, FANG Zheng, WANG Hailong. Effects of biochar from Procambarus clarkii shells and Ficus microcarpa branches on soil nutrients and bioavailability of Cd and Pb[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20220182
Citation: GU Shaoru, YANG Xing, CHEN Hanbo, YANG Bingshuang, DAI Zhinan, CHEN Junhui, FANG Zheng, WANG Hailong. Effects of biochar from Procambarus clarkii shells and Ficus microcarpa branches on soil nutrients and bioavailability of Cd and Pb[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20220182

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小龙虾壳炭和细叶榕枝条炭对土壤养分及镉和铅生物有效性的影响

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20220182
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(21876027);广东省普通高校科研项目(青年创新人才类)(2019KQNCX169);广东省佛山市社会领域科技攻关项目(2120001008392)
详细信息
    作者简介: 顾绍茹(ORCID: 0000-0001-5372-5601),从事农业废弃物资源化利用研究。E-mail: gushaoru21@163.com
    通信作者: 王海龙(ORCID: 0000-0002-6107-5095),教授,博士,从事生物质炭的环境功能和土壤修复研究。E-mail: hailong.wang@fosu.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: S714

Effects of biochar from Procambarus clarkii shells and Ficus microcarpa branches on soil nutrients and bioavailability of Cd and Pb

  • 摘要:   目的  探讨施用小龙虾Procambarus clarkii壳炭(CSB)和细叶榕Ficus microcarpa炭(FMB)对复合污染土壤理化性质及作物生长的影响。  方法  在 650 ℃限氧条件下热解制备厨余废弃物小龙虾壳炭和园林废弃物细叶榕炭。以不同质量比(0、1%、3%)施入小红萝卜Raphanus sativus盆栽土壤,测定和分析施用小龙虾壳炭和细叶榕炭对土壤中镉和铅有效性、养分转化、土壤酶活性及小红萝卜生长的影响。  结果  3%FMB处理对土壤有机碳、有效磷和速效钾质量分数提升效果最显著(P<0.05),较对照的增幅分别为135.8%、35.4%和173.7%。除1%CSB处理外,其余生物质炭处理下土壤中有效态镉和铅质量分数较对照均显著降低(P<0.05),降幅分别为60.7%~91.1%和21.0%~26.1%。3%CSB处理对土壤β-葡萄糖苷酶、亮氨酸氨基肽酶和β-N-乙酰基氨基葡萄糖苷酶活性提升效果最显著(P<0.05),较对照分别提高79.7%、30.3%和1 668.5%。不同比例CSB和FMB的施用均显著(P<0.05)提高了小红萝卜可食部分的生物量,且3%CSB处理的提升效果最显著(P<0.05),较对照提高了171.5%。  结论  与细叶榕炭相比,小龙虾壳炭在提高土壤酶活性,降低土壤中镉和铅生物有效性以及提升作物品质和产量方面效果更为优越,更适合作为镉-铅复合污染土壤修复的潜在应用材料。图7表1参46
  • 图  1  小龙虾壳炭(CSB)和细叶榕炭(FMB)的扫描电镜(SEM)图谱(A)、傅里叶变换红外(FTIR)图谱(B)和X射线能谱分析(EDS)图谱(C)

    Figure  1  Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images (A), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra(B) and energy dispersive X-ray spectra (EDS) spectra (C) of crawfish shell biochar (CSB) and F. microcarpa biochar (FMB)

    图  2  施用小龙虾壳炭(CSB)和细叶榕炭(FMB)对土壤pH(A)、电导率(B)和有机碳(C)质量分数的影响      

    Figure  2  Effect of crawfish shell biochar (CSB) and F. microcarpa biochar (FMB) applications on soil pH(A), electrical conductivity(B) and organic carboncontent(C)

    图  3  施用小龙虾壳炭(CSB)和细叶榕炭(FMB)对土壤有效养分和小红萝卜可食用部分的氮、磷和钾质量分数的影响

    Figure  3  Effect of crawfish shell biochar (CSB) and F. microcarpa biochar (FMB) applications on N, P and K availability and their uptake in the edible part of radish

    图  4  施用小龙虾壳炭(CSB)和细叶榕炭(FMB)对土壤有效态镉和铅质量分数和小红萝卜可食用部分的镉和铅质量分数的影响

    Figure  4  Effect of crawfish shell biochar (CSB) and F. microcarpa biochar (FMB) applications on the availability of Cd and Pb and their accumulation in the edible part of radish

    图  5  土壤理化性质、酶活性和有效态镉和铅的相关性分析

    Figure  5  Correlation analyses between soil physicochemical properties, enzyme activities and concentrations of available Cd and Pb

    图  6  施用小龙虾壳炭(CSB)和细叶榕炭(FMB)对土壤酶活性的影响

    Figure  6  Effect of crawfish shell biochar (CSB) and F. microcarpa biochar (FMB) applications on soil enzyme activities

    图  7  施用小龙虾壳炭(CSB)和细叶榕炭(FMB)对小红萝卜可食用部分生物量的影响

    Figure  7  Effect of crawfish shell biochar (CSB) and F. microcarpa biochar (FMB) applications on the biomass of the edible part of radish

    表  1  供试生物质炭的基本理化性质

    Table  1.   Selected physicochemical properties of the biochars studied

    生物质炭pH灰分/
    (g·kg−1)
    碳/
    (g·kg−1)
    氮/
    (g·kg−1)
    氢/
    (g·kg−1)
    铁/
    (mg·kg−1)
    锰/
    (mg·kg−1)
    铜/
    (mg·kg−1)
    锌/
    (mg·kg−1)
    镉/
    (mg·kg−1)
    铅/
    (mg kg−1)
    比表面积/
    (m2·g−1)
    孔径/
    nm
    小龙虾壳炭10.6477.9254.713.38.21 891.0319.048.091.00.32.912.116.5
    细叶榕炭 9.684.6762.75.222.5779.016.011.052.00.13.821.6153.5
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-02-26
  • 录用日期:  2022-07-15
  • 修回日期:  2022-07-06

小龙虾壳炭和细叶榕枝条炭对土壤养分及镉和铅生物有效性的影响

doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20220182
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金资助项目(21876027);广东省普通高校科研项目(青年创新人才类)(2019KQNCX169);广东省佛山市社会领域科技攻关项目(2120001008392)
    作者简介:

    顾绍茹(ORCID: 0000-0001-5372-5601),从事农业废弃物资源化利用研究。E-mail: gushaoru21@163.com

    通信作者: 王海龙(ORCID: 0000-0002-6107-5095),教授,博士,从事生物质炭的环境功能和土壤修复研究。E-mail: hailong.wang@fosu.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: S714

摘要:   目的  探讨施用小龙虾Procambarus clarkii壳炭(CSB)和细叶榕Ficus microcarpa炭(FMB)对复合污染土壤理化性质及作物生长的影响。  方法  在 650 ℃限氧条件下热解制备厨余废弃物小龙虾壳炭和园林废弃物细叶榕炭。以不同质量比(0、1%、3%)施入小红萝卜Raphanus sativus盆栽土壤,测定和分析施用小龙虾壳炭和细叶榕炭对土壤中镉和铅有效性、养分转化、土壤酶活性及小红萝卜生长的影响。  结果  3%FMB处理对土壤有机碳、有效磷和速效钾质量分数提升效果最显著(P<0.05),较对照的增幅分别为135.8%、35.4%和173.7%。除1%CSB处理外,其余生物质炭处理下土壤中有效态镉和铅质量分数较对照均显著降低(P<0.05),降幅分别为60.7%~91.1%和21.0%~26.1%。3%CSB处理对土壤β-葡萄糖苷酶、亮氨酸氨基肽酶和β-N-乙酰基氨基葡萄糖苷酶活性提升效果最显著(P<0.05),较对照分别提高79.7%、30.3%和1 668.5%。不同比例CSB和FMB的施用均显著(P<0.05)提高了小红萝卜可食部分的生物量,且3%CSB处理的提升效果最显著(P<0.05),较对照提高了171.5%。  结论  与细叶榕炭相比,小龙虾壳炭在提高土壤酶活性,降低土壤中镉和铅生物有效性以及提升作物品质和产量方面效果更为优越,更适合作为镉-铅复合污染土壤修复的潜在应用材料。图7表1参46

English Abstract

顾绍茹, 杨兴, 陈翰博, 杨冰霜, 戴志楠, 陈俊辉, 方铮, 王海龙. 小龙虾壳炭和细叶榕枝条炭对土壤养分及镉和铅生物有效性的影响[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20220182
引用本文: 顾绍茹, 杨兴, 陈翰博, 杨冰霜, 戴志楠, 陈俊辉, 方铮, 王海龙. 小龙虾壳炭和细叶榕枝条炭对土壤养分及镉和铅生物有效性的影响[J]. 浙江农林大学学报. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20220182
GU Shaoru, YANG Xing, CHEN Hanbo, YANG Bingshuang, DAI Zhinan, CHEN Junhui, FANG Zheng, WANG Hailong. Effects of biochar from Procambarus clarkii shells and Ficus microcarpa branches on soil nutrients and bioavailability of Cd and Pb[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20220182
Citation: GU Shaoru, YANG Xing, CHEN Hanbo, YANG Bingshuang, DAI Zhinan, CHEN Junhui, FANG Zheng, WANG Hailong. Effects of biochar from Procambarus clarkii shells and Ficus microcarpa branches on soil nutrients and bioavailability of Cd and Pb[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University. doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20220182

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